SFI SYSTEM, Diagnostic DTC:P0031, P0032, P101D

DTC Code DTC Name
P0031 Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0032 Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P101D A/F Sensor Heater Circuit Performance Bank 1 Sensor 1 Stuck ON

DESCRIPTION

Refer to DTC P2195.

Click here

Tech Tips


  • When any of these DTCs are stored, the ECM enters fail-safe mode. The ECM turns off the air fuel ratio sensor heater in fail-safe mode. Fail-safe mode continues until the engine switch is turned off.

  • Although the DTC titles say oxygen sensor, these DTCs relate to the air fuel ratio sensor.

  • The ECM has a pulse width modulated control circuit to adjust the current through the heater. The air fuel ratio sensor heater circuit uses a relay on the +B side of the circuit.

    B006P2ME02
DTC No. Detection Item DTC Detection Condition Trouble Area MIL Memory
P0031 Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 1 Sensor 1) Air fuel ratio sensor heater current is less than 0.8 A, even when the air fuel ratio sensor heater duty cycle is 30% or higher (1 trip detection logic).
  • Open in air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) heater circuit

  • Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1)

  • No. 1 integration relay

  • ECM

Comes on DTC stored
P0032 Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 1 Sensor 1) Air fuel ratio sensor heater current reaches the high limit (1 trip detection logic).
  • Short in air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) heater circuit

  • Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1)

  • No. 1 integration relay

  • ECM

Comes on DTC stored
P101D A/F Sensor Heater Circuit Performance Bank 1 Sensor 1 Stuck ON Air fuel ratio sensor heater current is higher than the specified value while the heater is not operating (1 trip detection logic).
  • Short in air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) heater circuit

  • ECM

Comes on DTC stored

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM uses information from the air fuel ratio sensor to regulate the air fuel ratio and keep it close to the stoichiometric level. This maximizes the ability of the three-way catalytic converter to purify the exhaust gases.

The air fuel ratio sensor detects oxygen levels in the exhaust gas and transmits the information to the ECM. The inner surface of the sensor element is exposed to the outside air. The outer surface of the sensor element is exposed to the exhaust gas. The sensor element is made of platinum-coated zirconia and includes an integrated heating element.

The zirconia element generates a small voltage when there is a large difference in the oxygen concentrations between the exhaust gas and outside air. The platinum coating amplifies this voltage generation.

The air fuel ratio sensor is more efficient when heated. When the exhaust gas temperature is low, the sensor cannot generate useful voltage signals without supplementary heating. The ECM regulates the supplementary heating using a duty-cycle approach to adjust the average current in the sensor heater element. If the heater current is outside the normal range, the signal transmitted by the air fuel ratio sensor becomes inaccurate. As a result, the ECM is unable to regulate the air fuel ratio properly.

When the current in the air fuel ratio sensor heater is outside the normal operating range, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the sensor heater and stores a DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Frequency of Operation Continuous

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

P0031
Output duty cycle 30% or higher
P0032
Output duty cycle Higher than 0%
P101D
Output duty cycle Less than 60%

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

B006QGVE19

  1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

  2. Turn the engine switch on (IG) and turn the GTS on.

  3. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).

  4. Turn the engine switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

  5. Turn the engine switch on (IG) and turn the GTS on [A].

  6. Start the engine and idle it for 5 minutes or more [B].

  7. With the vehicle stationary, depress the accelerator pedal and maintain an engine speed of 3000 rpm for 1 minute [C].

  8. Idle the engine for 5 minutes or more [D].

  9. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Trouble Codes [E].

  10. Read the pending DTCs.

    Tech Tips


    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.

    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.

  11. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Utility / All Readiness.

  12. Input the DTC: P0031, P0032 or P101D.

  13. Check the DTC judgment result.

    GTS Display Description
    NORMAL
    • DTC judgment completed

    • System normal

    ABNORMAL
    • DTC judgment completed

    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE
    • DTC judgment not completed

    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    N/A
    • Unable to perform DTC judgment

    • Number of DTCs which do not fulfill DTC preconditions has reached ECU memory limit

    Tech Tips


    • If the judgment result shows NORMAL, the system is normal.

    • If the judgment result shows ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.

    • If the judgment result shows INCOMPLETE or N/A, perform steps [B] through [E] again.

WIRING DIAGRAM

Refer to DTC P2195.

Click here

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

Note

Inspect the fuses for circuits related to this system before performing the following procedure.

Tech Tips


  • Refer to "Data List / Active Test" [A/F Heater Duty B1S1].

    Click here

  • Sensor 1 refers to the sensor closest to the engine assembly.

  • Sensor 2 refers to the sensor farthest away from the engine assembly.

  • Change the fuel injection volume using the Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor function provided in the Active Test and monitor the air fuel ratio sensor output voltage Click here. If the sensor output voltage does not change (almost no reaction) while performing the Active Test, the sensor may be malfunctioning.

  • Read freeze frame data using the GTS. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE


  1. INSPECT AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (HEATER RESISTANCE)


    1. Inspect the air fuel ratio sensor.

      Click here

      Tech Tips

      Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the air fuel ratio sensor.

      Click here

      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG

    NG
    OK
  2. CHECK TERMINAL VOLTAGE (POWER SOURCE OF AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR)

    B006OKIC19
    *a

    Front view of wire harness connector

    (to Air Fuel Ratio Sensor)


    1. Disconnect the air fuel ratio sensor connector.

    2. Turn the engine switch on (IG).

    3. Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Voltage
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      D22-2 (+B) - Body ground Engine switch on (IG) 11 to 14 V
      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG

    NG
    OK
  3. CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR - ECM)


    1. Disconnect the air fuel ratio sensor connector.

    2. Disconnect the ECM connector.

    3. Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Resistance
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      D22-1 (HA1A) - D1-27 (HA1A) Always Below 1 Ω
      D22-1 (HA1A) or D1-27 (HA1A) - Body ground and other terminals Always 10 kΩ or higher
      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG

    NG
    OK
  4. CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P0031, P0032 OR P101D)


    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the engine switch on (IG).

    3. Turn the GTS on.

    4. Clear the DTCs.


      Powertrain > Engine > Clear DTCs
    5. Turn the engine switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

    6. Turn the engine switch on (IG).

    7. Turn the GTS on.

    8. Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in Confirmation Driving Pattern.

    9. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Trouble Codes.

    10. Read the DTCs.


      Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes
      Result
      Result Proceed to
      DTCs are not output A
      DTC P0031, P0032 or P101D is output B

    A
    B
  5. CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (NO. 1 INTEGRATION RELAY - AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR)


    1. Disconnect the air fuel ratio sensor connector.

    2. Disconnect the No. 1 integration relay connector.

    3. Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Resistance
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      1E-3 - D22-2 (+B) Always Below 1 Ω
      1E-3 or D22-2 (+B) - Body ground and other terminals Always 10 kΩ or higher
      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG

    OK
    NG