ENGINE ON-VEHICLE INSPECTION

PROCEDURE


  1. INSPECT ENGINE COOLANT

    Click here

  2. INSPECT ENGINE OIL

    Click here

  3. CHECK BATTERY CONDITION

    Click here

  4. CHECK SPARK PLUG

    Click here

  5. INSPECT AIR CLEANER FILTER ELEMENT SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Remove the air cleaner filter element sub-assembly.

    2. Visually check that the air cleaner filter element sub-assembly is not excessively damaged or oily.

      Tech Tips


      • If necessary, replace the air cleaner filter element sub-assembly.

      • If there is any dirt or clogs in the air cleaner filter element sub-assembly, clean it with compressed air.

      • If any dirt or clogs remain even after cleaning the air cleaner filter element sub-assembly with compressed air, replace it.

    3. Install the air cleaner filter element sub-assembly.

  6. INSPECT V-RIBBED BELT TENSIONER ASSEMBLY


    1. Remove the V-ribbed belt.

      Click here

    2. Check that nothing is caught in the V-ribbed belt tensioner assembly by turning it clockwise and counterclockwise.

      Tech Tips

      If a malfunction exists, replace the V-ribbed belt tensioner assembly.

    3. Install the V-ribbed belt.

      Click here

  7. INSPECT VALVE LASH ADJUSTER ASSEMBLY NOISE


    1. Rev up the engine several times. Check that the engine does not emit unusual noises.

    2. If unusual noises occur, warm up the engine and idle it for 30 minutes or more, then perform the preceding inspection.

      Tech Tips

      If any defects or problems are found during the preceding inspection, perform valve lash adjuster assembly inspection.

      Click here

  8. INSPECT IGNITION TIMING


    1. Warm up and stop the engine.

      Tech Tips

      A warmed up engine should have an engine coolant temperature of over 80°C (176°F), an engine oil temperature of 60°C (140°F), and the engine speed should be stabilized.

    2. When using the GTS:

      Check the ignition timing.


      1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

      2. Start the engine and run it at idle.

      3. Turn the GTS on.

      4. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / IGN Advance.


        Powertrain > Engine > Data List
        Tester Display
        IGN Advance
        Standard Ignition Timing
        8 to 18° BTDC at idle

        Note


        • Check the ignition timing with the cooling fans off.

        • Turn off all electrical systems and the A/C.

        • When checking the ignition timing, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

      5. Check that the ignition timing advances immediately when the engine speed is increased.

      6. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Connect the TC and TE1 / ON.


        Powertrain > Engine > Active Test
        Active Test Display
        Connect the TC and TE1
        Data List Display
        IGN Advance
      7. Monitor IGN Advance.

      8. Perform the Active Test.

        Standard Ignition Timing
        8 to 12° BTDC at idle

        Note

        When checking the ignition timing, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

    3. When not using the GTS:


      1. B003UE7C43
        *a DLC3

        Using SST, connect terminals 13 (TC) and 4 (CG) of the DLC3.

        SST
        09843-18040

        Note


        • Confirm the terminals before connecting them. Connecting the wrong terminals may result in damage to electrical components.

        • Check the ignition timing with the cooling fans off.

        • Turn off all the electrical systems and the A/C.

        • When checking the ignition timing, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

      2. Remove the V-bank cover sub-assembly.

        Click here

      3. Connect the timing light probe to the ignition coil wire for the No. 1 cylinder.

        Note

        Use a timing light that detects primary signals.

      4. Start the engine and run it at idle.

      5. Check the ignition timing at idle.

        Standard Ignition Timing
        8 to 12° BTDC at idle

        Note

        When checking the ignition timing, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

        Tech Tips

        Run the engine at 1000 to 1300 rpm for 5 seconds, and then check that the engine rpm returns to engine idle speed.

      6. Disconnect terminals 13 (TC) and 4 (CG) of the DLC3.

      7. Check the ignition timing at idle.

        Standard Ignition Timing
        8 to 18° BTDC at idle
      8. Confirm that the ignition timing advances immediately when the engine idle speed is increased.

      9. Remove the timing light probe from the engine.

      10. Install the V-bank cover sub-assembly.

        Click here

  9. INSPECT ENGINE IDLE SPEED


    1. Warm up and stop the engine.

      Tech Tips

      A warmed up engine should have an engine coolant temperature of over 80°C (176°F), an engine oil temperature of 60°C (140°F), and the engine idle speed should be stabilized.

    2. When using the GTS:


      1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

      2. Start the engine and run it at idle.

      3. Turn the GTS on.

      4. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Engine Speed.


        Powertrain > Engine > Data List
        Tester Display
        Engine Speed
      5. Read the value displayed on the tester.

        Standard Idle Speed
        600 to 700 rpm

        Note


        • Check the idle speed with the cooling fans off.

        • Turn off all the electrical systems and the A/C.

        • When checking the engine idle speed, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

    3. When not using the GTS:


      1. B003WKMC13
        *a DLC3

        Using SST, connect a tachometer probe to terminal 9 (TAC) of the DLC3.

        Note

        Be sure to connect the tachometer to the correct terminal. Connecting the wrong terminals can cause damage to electrical components.

        SST
        09843-18030
      2. Turn the engine switch ON (IG).

      3. Inspect the engine idle speed.

        Standard Idle Speed
        600 to 700 rpm

        Note


        • Check the engine idle speed with the cooling fans off.

        • Turn off all the electrical systems and the A/C.

        • When checking the engine idle speed, the transmission should be in neutral or park.

      4. Turn the engine switch off.

      5. Disconnect the tachometer probe from terminal 9 (TAC) of the DLC3.

  10. INSPECT COMPRESSION

    Note

    Keep the intake manifold and spark plug holes free of foreign matter when measuring the compression pressure.


    1. Warm up and stop the engine.

      Tech Tips

      A warmed up engine should have an engine coolant temperature of over 80°C (176°F), an engine oil temperature of 60°C (140°F), and the engine idle speed should be stabilized.

    2. Check for DTCs.

      Click here

    3. Remove the 6 spark plugs.

      Click here

    4. Remove the cool air intake duct seal.

      Click here

    5. Remove the inlet No. 1 air cleaner.

      Click here

    6. B003V4J

      Disconnect the 4 fuel injector connectors.

      Note

      Disable fuel injection in order to prevent catalyst damage due to unburned gasoline.

    7. Disconnect the throttle with motor body connector.

    8. B003TD9C01
      *a Release
      *b Move

      Disconnect the 2 injector driver connectors as shown in the illustration.

    9. Check the cylinder compression pressure.


      1. Insert a compression gauge into the spark plug hole.

      2. Fully open the throttle.

      3. While cranking the engine, measure the compression pressure.

        Standard Compression Pressure
        1400 kPa (14.3 kgf/cm2, 203 psi)
        Minimum Compression Pressure
        980 kPa (10.0 kgf/cm2, 142 psi)
        Pressure Difference between each Cylinder
        100 kPa (1.0 kgf/cm2, 15 psi) or less

        Note


        • Always use a fully charged battery to obtain an engine speed of 250 rpm or more.

        • Inspect the other cylinders in the same way.

        • Measure the compression pressure as quickly as possible.

      4. If the cylinder compression pressure is low, pour a small amount of engine oil into the cylinder through the spark plug hole and inspect it again.

        Tech Tips


        • If adding engine oil increases the compression pressure, the piston rings and/or cylinder bore may be worn or damaged.

        • If the compression pressure stays low, a valve may be stuck or seated improperly, or there may be leaks in the cylinder head gasket.

    10. B003SZIC02
      *a Move

      Connect the 2 injector driver connectors as shown in the illustration.

    11. Connect the throttle with motor body connector.

    12. Connect the 4 fuel injector connectors.

    13. Install the inlet No. 1 air cleaner.

      Click here

    14. Install the cool air intake duct seal.

      Click here

    15. Install the 6 spark plugs.

      Click here

    16. Clear the DTCs.

      Click here

      Note

      After the inspection, clear the DTCs, check for DTCs again and make sure the normal system code is output.

  11. INSPECT CO/HC

    Tech Tips

    This check determines whether the idle CO/HC complies with regulations.


    1. Start the engine.

    2. Keep the engine speed at 2500 rpm for approximately 180 seconds.

    3. Insert a CO/HC meter testing probe at least 40 cm (1.31 ft.) into the tailpipe during idle.

    4. Immediately check the CO/HC concentration during idle and when the engine is running at 2500 rpm.

      Tech Tips

      When performing the 2 mode (with the engine idling/running at 2500 rpm) test, the measurement procedures are determined by applicable local regulations.

      If the CO/HC concentration does not comply with the regulations, perform troubleshooting in the order given below.


      1. Check for DTCs.

        Click here

      2. See the following table for possible causes, then inspect and correct the applicable causes if necessary.

        CO HC Problem Cause
        Normal High Rough idle
        1. Faulty ignition:


          • Incorrect valve timing

          • Fouled, shorted or improperly gapped spark plugs

        2. Incorrect valve clearance (valve lash adjuster assembly)

        3. Leaks in intake or exhaust valves

        4. Leaks in cylinders

        Low High

        Rough idle

        (Fluctuating HC reading)


        1. Vacuum leaks:


          • PCV hoses

          • Intake manifold

          • Throttle with motor body assembly

        2. Lean mixture causing misfire

        High High

        Rough idle

        (Black smoke from exhaust)


        1. Restricted air cleaner filter element sub-assembly

        2. Plugged PCV valve

        3. Faulty SFI system:


          • Fuel pressure regulator assembly

          • Engine coolant temperature sensor

          • Mass air flow meter sub-assembly

          • ECM

          • Fuel injector assemblies

          • Throttle position sensor (built in throttle with motor body assembly)