CYLINDER BLOCK INSPECTION

PROCEDURE


  1. INSPECT NO. 1 OIL NOZZLE SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. B001AGI

      Push the check valve with a pin to check if it is stuck.

      If stuck, replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

    2. Push the check valve with a pin to check if it moves smoothly.

      If it does not move smoothly, clean or replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

    3. B0019SCE15

      While covering A, apply air into B. Check that air does not leak through C. Perform the check again while covering B and applying air into A.

      If air leaks, clean or replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

    4. B001B3JE13

      Push the check valve while covering A, and apply air into B. Check that air passes through C. Perform the check again while covering B, pushing the check valve and applying air into A.

      If air does not pass through C, clean or replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

  2. CHECK CYLINDER BLOCK SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. B00183R

      Visually check the cylinder for vertical scratches. If necessary, replace the cylinder block sub-assembly.

  3. INSPECT CYLINDER BLOCK FOR WARPAGE

    B0019ZT

    1. Using a precision straightedge and feeler gauge, measure the warpage of the surfaces where the cylinder head gaskets contact the cylinder block sub-assembly.

      Maximum warpage
      0.07 mm (0.00276 in.)

      If the warpage is more than the maximum, replace the cylinder block.

  4. INSPECT CYLINDER BORE

    B0018UQE01

    1. Using a cylinder gauge, measure the cylinder bore diameter at positions A and B in the thrust and axial directions.

      Standard diameter
      94.000 to 94.012 mm (3.7008 to 3.7013 in.)
      Maximum diameter
      94.200 mm (3.7087 in.)

      If the diameter is more than the maximum, replace the cylinder block sub-assembly.

  5. INSPECT PISTON SUB-ASSEMBLY WITH PIN


    1. B001849E01
      *1 15.0 mm

      Using a micrometer, measure the piston diameter at a position that is 15.0 mm (0.591 in.) from the bottom of the piston (refer to the illustration).

      Standard diameter
      93.950 to 93.960 mm (3.6988 to 3.6992 in.)
      Minimum diameter
      93.815 mm (3.6935 in.)

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the piston sub-assembly.

  6. INSPECT PISTON OIL CLEARANCE


    1. Measure the cylinder bore diameter in the thrust direction.

    2. Subtract the piston diameter measurement from the cylinder bore diameter measurement.

      Standard oil clearance
      0.040 to 0.062 mm (0.00157 to 0.00244 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.385 mm (0.0152 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace all the pistons. If necessary, replace the cylinder block sub-assembly.

  7. INSPECT RING GROOVE CLEARANCE


    1. B001929

      Using a feeler gauge, measure the clearance between a new piston ring and the wall of the ring groove.

      Standard Ring Groove Clearance
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 compression ring 0.020 to 0.070 mm (0.000787 to 0.00276 in.)
      No. 2 compression ring 0.020 to 0.060 mm (0.000787 to 0.00236 in.)
      Oil ring 0.070 to 0.145 mm (0.00276 to 0.00571 in.)

      If the clearance is not as specified, replace the piston sub-assembly.

  8. INSPECT PISTON RING END GAP


    1. Insert the piston ring into the cylinder bore.

    2. B001B39E01
      *1 Piston Ring
      *2 60 mm

      Using a piston, push the piston ring a little beyond the bottom of the ring travel, 60 mm (2.36 in.) from the top of the cylinder block sub-assembly.

    3. B0018YR

      Using a feeler gauge, measure the end gap.

      Standard End Gap
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 compression ring 0.22 to 0.32 mm (0.00866 to 0.0126 in.)
      No. 2 compression ring 0.35 to 0.45 mm (0.0138 to 0.0177 in.)
      Oil ring (Side rail) 0.10 to 0.35 mm (0.00394 to 0.0138 in.)
      Maximum End Gap
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 compression ring 0.42 mm (0.0165 in.)
      No. 2 compression ring 0.55 mm (0.0217 in.)
      Oil ring (Side rail) 0.45 mm (0.0177 in.)

      If the end gap is more than the maximum, replace the piston ring. If the end gap is more than the maximum even with a new piston ring, replace the cylinder block sub-assembly.

  9. INSPECT PISTON PIN OIL CLEARANCE

    Tech Tips

    There is only 1 type of supply part for piston sub-assembly with pin.


    1. B0019QEE04
      *1 Front Mark
      *2 Piston Pin Hole Inside Diameter Mark
      *3 Connecting Rod Bush Inside Diameter Mark

      Check each mark on the piston, piston pin and connecting rod sub-assembly.

    2. B0018Q4

      Using a caliper gauge, measure the inside diameter of the piston pin hole.

      Standard Piston Pin Hole Inside Diameter
      Mark Specified Condition
      A 21.998 to 22.001 mm (0.86606 to 0.86618 in.)
      B 22.001 to 22.004 mm (0.86618 to 0.86630 in.)
      C 22.004 to 22.007 mm (0.86630 to 0.86642 in.)
    3. B001ATUE28
      *1 5 mm (0.197 in.)
      *2 28 mm (1.10 in.)

      Using a micrometer, measure the piston pin diameter.

      Standard Piston Pin Diameter
      Mark Specified Condition
      A 21.998 to 22.001 mm (0.86606 to 0.86618 in.)
      B 22.001 to 22.004 mm (0.86618 to 0.86630 in.)
      C 22.004 to 22.007 mm (0.86630 to 0.86642 in.)
    4. Subtract the piston pin diameter measurement from the piston pin hole diameter measurement.

      Standard oil clearance
      -0.002 to 0.004 mm (-0.0000787 to 0.000157 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.015 mm (0.000591 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the piston and piston pin as a set.

    5. B00186Q

      Using a caliper gauge, measure the inside diameter of the connecting rod bush.

      Standard Bush Inside Diameter
      Mark Specified Condition
      A 22.005 to 22.008 mm (0.86634 to 0.86645 in.)
      B 22.008 to 22.011 mm (0.86645 to 0.86657 in.)
      C 22.011 to 22.014 mm (0.86657 to 0.86669 in.)
    6. Subtract the piston pin diameter measurement from the bush inside diameter measurement.

      Standard oil clearance
      0.005 to 0.011 mm (0.000197 to 0.000433 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.03 mm (0.00118 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod, and replace the piston and piston pin as a set.

  10. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. B0019YC

      Using a rod aligner and feeler gauge, check the connecting rod alignment.


      1. Check for bend.

        Maximum bend
        0.05 mm (0.00197 in.) per 100 mm (3.94 in.)

        If the bend is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod sub-assembly.

      2. B001AAS

        Check for twist.

        Maximum twist
        0.15 mm (0.00591 in.) per 100 mm (3.94 in.)

        If the twist is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod sub-assembly.

  11. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD BOLT


    1. B0018CDE33
      *1 Tension Portion

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the tension portion diameter of the bolt.

      Standard diameter
      8.5 to 8.6 mm (0.335 to 0.339 in.)
      Minimum diameter
      8.3 mm (0.327 in.)

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the bolt.

  12. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT

    B0018YO

    1. Inspect circle runout.


      1. Place the crankshaft on V-blocks.

      2. Using a dial indicator, measure the circle runout at the center journal.

        Maximum circle runout
        0.06 mm (0.00236 in.)

        If the circle runout is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft.

    2. B0019AX

      Inspect the main journals.


      1. Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of each main journal.

        Standard journal diameter
        66.988 to 67.000 mm (2.6373 to 2.6378 in.)

        If the diameter is not as specified, check the oil clearance. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      2. Check each main journal for taper and out-of-round as shown in the illustration.

        Maximum taper and out-of-round
        0.02 mm (0.000787 in.)

        If the taper and out-of-round is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft.

    3. B0019GM

      Inspect the crank pins.


      1. Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of each crank pin.

        Standard crank pin diameter
        55.982 to 56.000 mm (2.2040 to 2.2047 in.)

        If the diameter is not as specified, check the oil clearance. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      2. Check each crank pin for taper and out-of-round as shown in the illustration.

        Maximum taper and out-of-round
        0.02 mm (0.000787 in.)

        If the taper and out-of-round is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft.

  13. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT OIL CLEARANCE


    1. Clean each main journal and bearing.

    2. Check each main journal and bearing for pitting and scratches.

      If the journal or crankshaft bearing is damaged, replace the crankshaft bearing.

    3. Place the crankshaft on the cylinder block sub-assembly.

    4. B0018U8E13
      *1 Plastigage

      Lay a strip of Plastigage across each journal.

    5. Install the crankshaft bearing caps Click here.

    6. Remove the 30 bolts and bearing caps.

    7. B0018VLE10
      *1 Plastigage

      Measure the Plastigage at its widest point.

      Standard Oil Clearance
      Number Mark Specified Condition
      No. 1 and No. 5 journals 0.017 to 0.030 mm (0.000669 to 0.00118 in.)
      Other journals 0.024 to 0.037 mm (0.000945 to 0.00146 in.)
      Maximum Oil Clearance
      Number Mark Specified Condition
      No. 1 and No. 5 journals 0.050 mm (0.00197 in.)
      Other journals 0.060 mm (0.00236 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft bearings. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      Tech Tips

      If replacing a bearing, replace it with one that has the same number. If the number of the crankshaft bearing cannot be determined, select the correct bearing by adding together the numbers imprinted on the cylinder block sub-assembly and crankshaft. Refer to the table below for the appropriate bearing number. There are 6 sizes of standard bearings. For the No. 1 and No. 5 position bearings, use bearings marked 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9. For other bearings, use bearings marked 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8.

      B0018U0E17

      Example:

      Cylinder block "07" + Crankshaft "06" = Total number 13 (Use upper bearing "6" and lower bearing "7")

      Tech Tips

      A = Cylinder block number mark

      B = Crankshaft number mark

      Standard Bearing Center Wall Thickness
      No. 1 and No. 5 Journals
      (A) + (B) Upper Bearing Lower Bearing
      Number Mark Specified Condition Number Mark Specified Condition
      00 to 02 4 2.501 to 2.504 (0.0985 to 0.0986 in.) 5 2.488 to 2.491 (0.0980 to 0.0981 in.)
      03 to 05 5 2.504 to 2.507 (0.0986 to 0.0987 in.) 5 2.488 to 2.491 (0.0980 to 0.0981 in.)
      06 to 08 5 2.504 to 2.507 (0.0986 to 0.0987 in.) 6 2.491 to 2.494 (0.0981 to 0.0982 in.)
      09 to 11 6 2.507 to 2.510 (0.0987 to 0.0988 in.) 6 2.491 to 2.494 (0.0981 to 0.0982 in.)
      12 to 14 6 2.507 to 2.510 (0.0987 to 0.0988 in.) 7 2.494 to 2.497 (0.0982 to 0.0983 in.)
      15 to 17 7 2.510 to 2.513 (0.0988 to 0.0989 in.) 7 2.494 to 2.497 (0.0982 to 0.0983 in.)
      18 to 20 7 2.510 to 2.513 (0.0988 to 0.0989 in.) 8 2.497 to 2.500 (0.0983 to 0.0984 in.)
      21 to 23 8 2.513 to 2.516 (0.0989 to 0.0991 in.) 8 2.497 to 2.500 (0.0983 to 0.0984 in.)
      24 to 26 8 2.513 to 2.516 (0.0989 to 0.0991 in.) 9 2.500 to 2.503 (0.0984 to 0.0985 in.)
      27 to 28 9 2.516 to 2.519 (0.0991 to 0.0992 in.) 9 2.500 to 2.503 (0.0984 to 0.0985 in.)
      Other Journals
      (A) + (B) Upper Bearing Lower Bearing
      Number Mark Specified Condition Number Mark Specified Condition
      00 to 02 3 2.482 to 2.485 (0.0977 to 0.0978 in.) 4 2.501 to 2.504 (0.0985 to 0.0986 in.)
      03 to 05 4 2.485 to 2.488 (0.0978 to 0.0980 in.) 4 2.501 to 2.504 (0.0985 to 0.0986 in.)
      06 to 08 4 2.485 to 2.488 (0.0978 to 0.0980 in.) 5 2.504 to 2.507 (0.0986 to 0.0987 in.)
      09 to 11 5 2.488 to 2.491 (0.0980 to 0.0981 in.) 5 2.504 to 2.507 (0.0986 to 0.0987 in.)
      12 to 14 5 2.488 to 2.491 (0.0980 to 0.0981 in.) 6 2.507 to 2.510 (0.0987 to 0.0988 in.)
      15 to 17 6 2.491 to 2.494 (0.0981 to 0.0982 in.) 6 2.507 to 2.510 (0.0987 to 0.0988 in.)
      18 to 20 6 2.491 to 2.494 (0.0981 to 0.0982 in.) 7 2.510 to 2.513 (0.0988 to 0.0989 in.)
      21 to 23 7 2.494 to 2.497 (0.0982 to 0.0983 in.) 7 2.510 to 2.513 (0.0988 to 0.0989 in.)
      24 to 26 7 2.494 to 2.497 (0.0982 to 0.0983 in.) 8 2.513 to 2.516 (0.0989 to 0.0991 in.)
      27 to 28 8 2.497 to 2.500 (0.0983 to 0.0984 in.) 8 2.513 to 2.516 (0.0989 to 0.0991 in.)
    8. Completely remove the Plastigage.

  14. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT BEARING CAP SET BOLT

    B001AM3E01
    *1 Bolt A:
    *2 Measuring Point
    *3 54.5 mm
    *4 Bolt B:

    1. Using a vernier caliper, measure the minimum diameter of the elongated thread at the measuring point.

      Measuring point
      54.5 mm (2.15 in.)
      Standard Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      Bolt A 10.5 to 11.0 mm (0.413 to 0.433 in.)
      Bolt B 9.5 to 10.0 mm (0.374 to 0.394 in.)
      Minimum Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      Bolt A 10.4 mm (0.409 in.)
      Bolt B 9.4 mm (0.370 in.)

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the bolt.