DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER ASSEMBLY INSTALLATION


  1. INSTALL REAR DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER ASSEMBLY


    1. Place the rear differential carrier assembly on a transmission jack.

      CAUTION:


      • As the rear differential carrier assembly is very heavy, securely support it with the transmission jack.

      • Perform this procedure with several people supporting the rear differential carrier assembly so that it does not tilt or fall.

    2. Slowly raise the transmission jack so that the rear differential carrier is at its installation position.

      Note

      When installing the rear differential carrier assembly, do not damage the installation surface.

    3. A01GLAEE01

      Temporarily install the mount stopper upper and lower with 2 new bolts (B).

    4. Temporarily install 2 new bolts (A).

    5. Temporarily install a new bolt (C).

    6. Using SST and a 12 mm socket hexagon wrench, tighten the 2 bolts (A).

      SST
      09249-63010
      Torque:
      without SST
      103 N*m  { 1050 kgf*cm, 76 ft.*lbf }
      with SST
      75 N*m  { 764 kgf*cm, 55 ft.*lbf }

      Note


      • Use a torque wrench with a fulcrum length of 400 mm (16 in.). When using a torque wrench with a fulcrum length that is not 400 mm (16 in.), calculate the torque specification for the torque wrench and SST based on the "without SST" torque specification Click here.

      • Make sure SST and the wrench are connected in a straight line.

      • Tighten the bolts so that they do not interfere with the bolt holes of the mount cushions.

    7. Using SST and a 12 mm socket hexagon wrench, tighten the bolt (C).

      SST
      09249-63010
      Torque:
      without SST
      103 N*m  { 1050 kgf*cm, 76 ft.*lbf }
      with SST
      75 N*m  { 764 kgf*cm, 55 ft.*lbf }

      Note


      • Use a torque wrench with a fulcrum length of 400 mm (16 in.). When using a torque wrench with a fulcrum length that is not 400 mm (16 in.), calculate the torque specification for the torque wrench and SST based on the "without SST" torque specification Click here.

      • Make sure SST and the wrench are connected in a straight line.

      • Tighten the bolts so that they do not interfere with the bolt holes of the mount cushions.

    8. Tighten the 2 bolts (B).

      Torque:
      105 N*m  { 107 kgf*cm, 77 ft.*lbf }

      Note

      Make sure that the mount stop upper and lower are not shifted or tilted.

  2. INSTALL REAR DRIVE SHAFT ASSEMBLY RH

    Click here

  3. INSTALL PROPELLER WITH CENTER BEARING SHAFT ASSEMBLY

    Click here

  4. ADD DIFFERENTIAL OIL

    Click here

  5. CHECK DIFFERENTIAL OIL

    Click here

  6. INSTALL REAR WHEEL

    Torque:
    140 N*m  { 1428 kgf*cm, 103 ft.*lbf }
  7. CONNECT CABLE TO NEGATIVE BATTERY TERMINAL

  8. INSTALL COWL TOP VENTILATOR LOUVER


    1. for 1UR-FSE:

      Click here

    2. for 1UR-FE:

      Click here

  9. CHECK SUSPENSION CONTROL SYSTEM (for Air Suspension)

    Click here

  10. INSPECT AND ADJUST REAR WHEEL ALIGNMENT

    Click here

  11. CHECK ABS SPEED SENSOR SIGNAL

    Click here

  12. PERFORM INITIALIZATION

    Note

    Certain systems need to be initialized after disconnecting and reconnecting the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal Click here.

  13. VEHICLE PREPARATION FOR HEADLIGHT AIMING ADJUSTMENT


    1. Prepare the vehicle:

      Tech Tips


      • Make sure that there is no damage to the body around the headlights.

      • Fill the fuel tank.

      • Make sure that the oil is filled to the specified level.

      • Make sure that the coolant is filled to the specified level.

      • Inflate the tires to the appropriate pressure.

      • Unload the trunk and vehicle, ensuring that the spare tire, tools and jack are in their original positions.

      • Have a person of average weight (75 kg, 165 lb) sit in the driver seat.

      • Bounce the vehicle at the corners up and down to stabilize the suspension.

      • Vehicles with an adjustable suspension should be set to the lowest vehicle height prior to adjusting the headlight aim.

  14. PREPARATION FOR HEADLIGHT AIMING (Using a screen)

    A01GO0HE01
    Text in Illustration
    *a 25 m or 3 m

    1. except China:

      Prepare the vehicle.


      • Place the vehicle in a location that is dark enough to clearly observe the cutoff line. The cutoff line is a distinct line, below which light from the headlights can be observed and above which it cannot.

      • Place the vehicle at a 90° angle to the wall.

      • Create a 25 m (82 ft.) distance between the vehicle (headlight bulb center) and the wall.

      • Make sure that the vehicle is on a level surface.

      • Bounce the vehicle up and down to settle the suspension.

        Note

        A distance of 25 m (82 ft.) between the vehicle (headlight bulb center) and the wall is necessary for proper aim adjustment. If unavailable, secure a distance of exactly 3 m (9.84 ft.) for the check and adjustment. (The target zone will change with the distance, so follow the instructions in the illustration.)

    2. A01GO0HE01
      Text in Illustration
      *a 10 m or 3 m

      for China:

      Prepare the vehicle.


      • Place the vehicle in a location that is dark enough to clearly observe the cutoff line. The cutoff line is a distinct line, below which light from the headlights can be observed and above which it cannot.

      • Place the vehicle at a 90° angle to the wall.

      • Create a 10 m (32.8 ft) distance between the vehicle (headlight bulb center) and the wall.

      • Make sure that the vehicle is on a level surface.

      • Bounce the vehicle up and down to settle the suspension.

        Note

        A distance of 10 m (32.8 ft.) between the vehicle (headlight bulb center) and the wall is necessary for proper aim adjustment. If unavailable, secure a distance of exactly 3 m (9.84 ft.) for the check and adjustment. (The target zone will change with the distance, so follow the instructions in the illustration.)

    3. Prepare a piece of thick white paper approximately 2 m (6.56 ft.) (height) x 4 m (13.1 ft.) (width) to use as a screen.

    4. Draw a vertical line down the center of the screen (V line).

    5. except China:

      Set the screen as shown in the illustration.

      Tech Tips


      • Stand the screen perpendicular to the ground.

      • Align the V line on the screen with the center of the vehicle.

        A01GKE1E02
    6. for China:

      Set the screen as shown in the illustration.

      Tech Tips


      • Stand the screen perpendicular to the ground.

      • Align the V line on the screen with the center of the vehicle.

        A01GKE1E03
    7. A01GMFCE01
      Text in Illustration
      *a V LH Line
      *b V Line
      *c V RH Line
      *d H Line
      *e Ground

      Draw base lines (H, V LH, and V RH lines) on the screen as shown in the illustration.

      Tech Tips


      • The base lines differ for "low beam inspection" and "high beam inspection".

      • Mark the headlight bulb center marks on the screen. If the center mark cannot be observed on the headlight, use the center of the headlight bulb or the name of the manufacturer marked on the headlight as the center mark.


      1. H Line (Headlight height):

        Draw a horizontal line across the screen so that it passes through the center marks. The H line should be at the same height as the headlight bulb center marks of the low beam headlights.

      2. V LH Line and V RH Line (Center mark position of the left-hand (LH) and right-hand (RH) headlights):

        Draw 2 vertical lines so that they intersect the H line at each center mark (aligned with the center of the low beam headlight bulbs).

  15. HEADLIGHT AIMING INSPECTION


    1. Cover the headlight or disconnect the connector of the headlight/headlight ECU on the opposite side to prevent light from the headlight that is not being inspected from affecting the headlight aiming inspection.

      CAUTION:

      Do not disconnect the HID high voltage connector for the bulb when performing this aiming inspection.

      Note

      Do not keep the headlight covered for more than 3 minutes. The headlight lens is made of synthetic resin, which may melt or be damaged due to excessive heat.

      Tech Tips

      When checking the aim of the high beam headlight, cover the low beam headlight or disconnect the connector.

    2. Start the engine.

    3. except China:

      Turn on the headlight and check if the cutoff line matches the preferred cutoff line in the following illustration.

      Tech Tips


      • Since the low beam light and the high beam light on each side have separate reflectors, it is necessary to check and adjust the aim separately for both.

      • The illustration is for LHD vehicles. RHD vehicles are the opposite of the illustration.

      • If the alignment distance is 25 m (82 ft.):

        The low beam cutoff line should be within 48 mm (1.18 in.) and 698 mm (2.28 in.) below the H line as well as 249 mm (9.80 in.) left or right of the V LH or V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The low beam cutoff line should be within 6 mm (0.236 in.) and 84 mm (3.30 in.) below the H line as well as 30 mm (1.18 in.) left or right of the V LH or V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 25 m (82 ft.):

        The horizontal line of the preferred low beam cutoff line is 249 mm (9.80 in.) below the H line and point A of the preferred low beam cutoff line is on the V LH or V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The horizontal line of the preferred low beam cutoff line is 30 mm (1.18 in.) below the H line and point A of the preferred low beam cutoff line is on the V LH or V RH line.

        A01GKOFE02
    4. for China:

      Turn on the headlight and check if the cutoff line matches the preferred cutoff line in the following illustration.

      Tech Tips


      • Since the low beam light and the high beam light on each side have separate reflectors, it is necessary to check and adjust the aim separately for both.

      • If the alignment distance is 10 m (32.8 ft.):

        The low beam cutoff line should be within 94 mm (3.70 in.) and 285 mm (11.2 in.) below the H line as well as 99 mm (3.89 in.) left or right of the V LH or V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The low beam cutoff line should be within 28 mm (1.10 in.) and 85 mm (3.34 in.) below the H line as well as 30 mm (1.18 in.) left or right of the V LH or V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 10 m (32.8 ft.):

        The horizontal line of the preferred low beam cutoff line is 189 mm (7.44 in.) below the H line and point A of the preferred low beam cutoff line is on the V LH or V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The horizontal line of the preferred low beam cutoff line is 57 mm (2.24 in.) below the H line and point A of the preferred low beam cutoff line is on the V LH or V RH line.

        A01GKOFE03
    5. except China:

      Turn on the high beams and check if the center of intensity for each high beam matches the center of intensity in the illustration.

      Tech Tips


      • Since the low beam light and the high beam light on each side have separate reflectors, it is necessary to check and adjust the aim separately for both.

      • If the alignment distance is 25 m (82.0 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity should be within 175 mm (6.88 in.) above and 249 mm (9.80 in.) below the H line as well as 497 mm (1.63 ft.) left or right of the V LH or V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity should be within 21 mm (0.827 in.) above and 30 mm (1.18 in.) below the H line as well as 60 mm (2.36 in.) left or right of the V LH or V RH line.

        A01GM90E01
    6. for China:

      Turn on the high beams and check if the center of intensity for each high beam matches the center of intensity in the illustration.

      Tech Tips


      • Since the low beam light and the high beam light on each side have separate reflectors, it is necessary to check and adjust the aim separately for both.

      • If the alignment distance is 10 m (32.8 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity should be within 47 mm (1.85 in.) below the H line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity should be within 14 mm (0.55 in.) below the H line.

      • If the alignment distance is 10 m (32.8 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity for the headlight assembly LH should be within 169 mm (6.65 in.) left and 349 mm (1.14 ft.) right of the V LH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity for the headlight assembly LH should be within 51 mm (2.0 in.) left and 105 mm (4.13 in.) right of the V LH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 10 m (32.8 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity for the headlight assembly RH should be within 349 mm (1.14 ft.) left or right of the V RH line.

      • If the alignment distance is 3 m (9.84 ft.):

        The high beam center of intensity for the headlight assembly RH should be within 105 mm (4.13 in.) left or right of the V RH line.

        A01GJZUE04
  16. HEADLIGHT AIMING ADJUSTMENT


    1. except China:


      1. A01GIG0E01
        Text in Illustration
        *1 Vertical and Horizontal Aiming Screw
        *2 Vertical Aiming Screw

        Headlight low beam.

        Using a screwdriver, adjust the aim.

        Adjust the aim of each headlight so that it is within the specified range by turning each aiming screw with a screwdriver.

        Note

        The final turn of the aiming screw should be made in the clockwise direction. If the screw is tightened excessively, loosen it and then retighten it, so that the final turn of the screw is in the clockwise direction.

        Tech Tips


        • Since the low beam light and the high beam light on each side have separate reflectors, it is necessary to check and adjust the aim separately for both.

        • When adjusting the horizontal axis of the headlight, the vertical axis will also change. It is necessary to adjust the horizontal position first, and then correct the vertical position.

        • If it is not possible to correctly adjust headlight aim, check the bulb, headlight unit and headlight unit reflector installation.

        • The headlight aim moves up when turning the vertical aiming screw clockwise, and moves down when turning the vertical aiming screw counterclockwise. The headlight aim moves right when turning the horizontal aiming screw clockwise, and moves left when turning the horizontal aiming screw counterclockwise.

        • Confirm the direction of rotation of the aiming screw by observing it while it is being adjusted. Due to the position of the screwdriver, the direction of rotation of the adjusting screw can be different than the direction of rotation of the screwdriver being used to adjust it.

      2. A01GM52E01
        Text in Illustration
        *1 Vertical Aiming Screw
        *2 Horizontal Aiming Screw

        Headlight high beam.

        Using a screwdriver, adjust the aim.

        Adjust the aim of each headlight so that it is within the specified range by turning each aiming screw with a screwdriver.

        Note

        The final turn of the aiming screw should be made in the clockwise direction. If the screw is tightened excessively, loosen it and then retighten it, so that the final turn of the screw is in the clockwise direction.

        Tech Tips


        • Since the low beam light and the high beam light on each side have separate reflectors, it is necessary to check and adjust the aim separately for both.

        • When adjusting the horizontal axis of the headlight, the vertical axis will also change. It is necessary to adjust the horizontal position first, and then correct the vertical position.

        • If it is not possible to correctly adjust headlight aim, check the bulb, headlight unit and headlight unit reflector installation.

        • The headlight aim moves up when turning the vertical aiming screw clockwise, and moves down when turning the vertical aiming screw counterclockwise. The headlight aim moves right when turning the horizontal aiming screw clockwise, and moves left when turning the horizontal aiming screw counterclockwise.

        • Confirm the direction of rotation of the aiming screw by observing it while it is being adjusted. Due to the position of the screwdriver, the direction of rotation of the adjusting screw can be different than the direction of rotation of the screwdriver being used to adjust it.

    2. for China (w/ Driver Monitor Camera):


      1. A01GNO6E03
        Text in Illustration
        *1 Vertical and Horizontal Aiming Screw
        *2 Vertical Aiming Screw

        Using a screwdriver, adjust the aim.

        Adjust the aim of each headlight to the specified range by turning each aiming screw with a screwdriver.

        Note

        The final turn of the aiming screw should be made in the clockwise direction. If the screw is tightened excessively, loosen it, and then retighten it so that the final turn of the screw is in the clockwise direction.

        Tech Tips


        • The low beam and high beam headlight are a unit. Adjusting the aim on the low beam to the correct position should also result in the high beam adjustment being correct.

        • If it is not possible to correctly adjust headlight aim, check the bulb, headlight unit and headlight unit reflector installation.

        • The headlight aim moves up when turning the vertical aiming screw clockwise, and moves down when turning the vertical aiming screw counterclockwise.

  17. ADJUST OBJECT RECOGNITION CAMERA

    Note

    A01GO08E01

    • Make sure there are no black and white patterned objects in front of the vehicle.

    • Perform the measurement in a place with no wind, and make sure there is a distance of 1.5 m (4.92 ft.) or more in front of the vehicle and that the surface is level with no obstacles.

    • Check that there are no reflective materials in the surroundings or on the ground within a 3 m (9.84 ft.) or more x 3 m (9.84 ft.) or more area in front of the vehicle.

    • Perform the inspection in a bright area.

    • Turn the taillights on.

    • Do not turn the headlights on.


    1. Beam axis learning preparation


      1. Move the vehicle to a level surface.

      2. Make sure the engine oil in the vehicle is at the specified amount.

      3. Make sure the engine coolant in the vehicle is at the specified amount.

      4. Make sure the fuel tank is full.

      5. Make sure the spare tire is in the vehicle. (w/ Spare Tire)

      6. Make sure the standard tools are in the vehicle.

      7. Make sure nobody is in the vehicle.

      8. Make sure no extra loads are in the vehicle.

      9. Adjust the tire pressures to the specified pressure.

      10. Set the height control switch to normal.

      11. Clean the front glass.

      12. If the lens of the object recognition camera sensor is dirty, apply a small amount of lens cleaner to a clean, soft cloth and clean the lens.

    2. Perform height control sensor adjustment


      1. Perform the height control sensor adjustment Click here.

        Note

        Perform this procedure as accurately as possible.

    3. Perform the front wheel alignment adjustment


      1. Perform the front wheel alignment adjustment Click here.

        Note

        Perform this procedure as accurately as possible.

    4. Perform the rear wheel alignment adjustment


      1. Perform the rear wheel alignment adjustment Click here.

        Note


        • Perform this procedure as accurately as possible.

        • Press the height control switch, change the vehicle height to HIGH and return it to NORM. Then repeat.

    5. Target sheet creation


      1. A01GKQME01

        Print or copy the illustration below. Check that the dimensions are +/-5 mm of the ones in the table below.

        Dimension
        Area Specification
        A 160 mm (6.30 in.)
        B 80 mm (3.15 in.)
        C 16 mm (0.630 in.)

        Note


        • Make sure that the black areas of the target sheets are not glossy.

        • Make sure that the borders of the black and white areas on the target sheets are straight, and are not warped or blurry.

        If the print or copy's dimensions are not as specified, adjust settings and reprint or recopy the illustration so that the print or copy's dimensions are as specified.

        A01GJMYE01
    6. A01GMFNE01

      Target sheet attachment


      1. Place the prepared target sheet on a piece of cardboard of the same size with the black area on the top right as shown in the illustration. Then use double-sided tape to fix the target sheet in place.

        Note

        Do not attach reflective tape such as scotch tape, etc. to the target face as this may affect target recognition.

      2. A01GKTJE01

        Hang a weight with a pointed tip from the center of the target sheet. Then with double-sided tape, attach the target sheet to the reflector so that the weight aligns with the mark-off line of the SST (laser radar adjusting reflector).

        SST
        09870-60000   ( 09870-60010, 09870-60020 )

        Note


        • Perform this procedure as accurately as possible.

        • Attach the target sheet so that it is horizontal with the ground.

      3. A01GMPNE01

        Move the reflector up and down to position the center of the target at the height shown in the illustration, and then fix it in place.

        Dimension A
        1270 mm (4.17 ft.)
        SST
        09870-60000   ( 09870-60010, 09870-60020 )

        Note

        Perform this procedure as accurately as possible.

    7. Target placement point measurement

      Note


      • Perform this procedure as accurately as possible.

      • Do not place reflective materials in the area behind the target.

      • Make sure there are no patterns on the wall behind the target.

      • Make sure the distance between the target and wall is within 3 m (9.84 ft.).

      • Do not place black and white patterned objects near the target.

      • Make sure the target's shadow is not on the wall, as the camera may have a recognition error.


      1. From the center of the front bumper (center of the emblem), hang a weight with a pointed tip, and mark point B on the ground.

        A01GM2HE01
      2. From the center of the rear bumper (center of the emblem), hang a weight with a pointed tip, and mark point A on the ground.

        A01GJIME01
      3. Using a piece of string that uses point A as a starting point and that passes through point B, make a straight line on the ground ahead of the vehicle 2 m (6.56 ft.) or more from point B.

        Tech Tips


        • Make sure to secure the string (using tape, etc.) when it is taut.

        • Lightly flick the string with your fingers several times to confirm that the string is aligned above point B.

      4. Mark point C at a position 340 mm (1.12 ft.) from point B.

        A01GIMFE01
      5. Mark point D at a position 1660 mm (5.44 ft.) from point B.

      6. Using the string, mark line E at a position 1000 mm (3.28 ft.) from point C.

      7. Using the string, mark line H at a position 1000 mm (3.28 ft.) from point C.

      8. Using the string, mark line F at a position 1000 mm (3.28 ft.) from point D.

      9. Using the string, mark line I at a position 1000 mm (3.28 ft.) from point D.

      10. Mark point G at the point where line E and line F intersect (placement point 2).

      11. Mark point J at the point where line H and line I intersect (placement point 3).

      12. Secure a string that connects point G and point J to the ground (target placement line).

        A01GO0WE01
      13. Mark point K at the intersection between the string connecting points C and D and the string connecting points G and J (placement point 1).

      14. Confirm the distance measurements for points K, G, and J (placement points 1, 2, and 3) again.

        A01GL3EE01
    8. Object recognition camera sensor height measurement

      Note


      • Do not place black and white patterned objects near the target.

      • Face the vehicle toward a wall with no patterns, or make sure the background behind the target has no patterns.

      • Perform this procedure as accurately as possible.

      • Do not place reflective materials in the area behind the target.

      • Make sure there are no patterns on the wall behind the target.

      • Make sure the distance between the target and wall is within 3 m (9.84 ft.).

      • Make sure the target's shadow is not on the wall as the camera may have a recognition error.


      1. Measure the distance (X mm or in.) from the ground to point H for the front left wheel arch.

        A01GJCGE02
      2. Measure the distance (Y mm or in.) from the ground to point H' for the front right wheel arch.

      3. The average of the 2 distances (X mm or in., Y mm or in.) plus 599 mm (1.96 ft.) is the height of the object recognition camera sensor.

    9. Memorize camera/target position

      Note


      • Close all doors.

      • Perform the procedure with no one in the vehicle.

      • During the procedure, do not lean on the vehicle.

      • Illuminate the clearance lights.

      • Do not illuminate the headlights.


      1. When using the intelligent tester:


        1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

        2. Turn the engine switch on (IG).*1

        3. Turn the intelligent tester main switch ON and turn the LKA main switch ON.

        4. Select "LKA System" from the display screen.

        5. Select "Utility" from the display screen.

        6. Select "Camera/target position memory" from the display screen.

        7. Follow the tester display and select "Next".

      2. Input the measured height of the object recognition camera sensor and the horizontal position of the camera "175 mm (6.89 in.)" into the input screen. Then press the "Next" button on the display screen.

      3. Input "3010 mm (119 in.)" for the distance from the camera to the target and "1270 mm (50.0 in.)" for the height of the target into the input screen. Then press the "Next" button on the display screen.

      4. Press the "Exit" button to finish the camera/target position memory mode.

        Note

        If "Error Camera/target position memory" is displayed on the screen, press the "Try Again" button, and repeat from procedure *1 again.

    10. Beam axis learning


      1. Select "LKA System" from the display screen.*1

      2. Select "Utility" from the display screen.

      3. Select "Camera axis adjust" from the display screen.

      4. Follow the tester display and select "Next".

      5. A01GN7PE05

        Align the target sheet with the target placement line and align the mark-off line with placement point 1 (point K).

      6. Check that the screen displays beam axis learning for target 1, and then press the "Next" button on the display screen.

      7. A01GN7PE02

        Align the target sheet with the target placement line and align the mark-off line with placement point 2 (point G).

      8. Check that the screen displays beam axis learning for target 2, and then press the "Next" button on the display screen.

        Note

        Within 3 minutes after the screen displays the beam axis learning for target 2, move the target and press the "Next" button on the display screen.

      9. A01GN7PE06

        Align the target sheet with the target placement line and align the mark-off line with placement point 3 (point J).

      10. Check that the screen displays beam axis learning for target 3, and then press the "Next" button on the display screen.

        Note

        Within 3 minutes after the screen displays the beam axis learning for target 3, move the target and press the "Next" button on the display screen.

      11. Press the "Exit" button to finish the beam axis learning mode.

        Note


          If "Error camera axis adjust" is displayed on the screen, press the "Exit" button. Then after checking the conditions below, turn the engine switch on (IG) and off and repeat from procedure *1 again.

        • Height of the target.

        • Distance from the object recognition camera sensor to the target.

        • Orientation of the target (black area positioned on the top right).

        • If surrounding area is bright enough.

        • If black and white patterned objects are placed near the target.