HYBRID CONTROL SYSTEM Motor Resolver Circuit

DESCRIPTION

The cause of this malfunction may be the motor resolver.

Check the motor resolver internal resistance and the connection condition from the inverter to the resolver.

Related Parts Check
Area Inspection Step
Wire harness and connector between the inverter and motor resolver Check for short circuit between wire harness and +B side. 1
Resolver, wire harness, connector Check the internal resistance of resolver (including wire harness), body ground resistance, and connector connection condition. 2, 3
Resolver Check for open or short circuit of the resolver 4

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

A resolver is a sensor that is used to detect the position of the magnetic poles of the rotor of a motor. Knowing the position of the poles is indispensable for ensuring precise control of the motor (MG2).

Each resolver contains a stator that has an excitation coil and 2 detection coils (S, C). The gap between the stator and rotor changes as the rotor turns because the rotor is oval shaped. An alternating current with a predetermined frequency flows through the excitation coil, and detection coils S and C output alternating currents in accordance with the sensor rotor position.

The MG ECU, which is built into the inverter with converter assembly, detects the absolute position of the rotor according to the phases of detection coils S and C and the heights of their waveforms. Furthermore, the CPU calculates the amount of change in the position within a predetermined length of time, in order to use the resolver as a revolution speed sensor.

The MG ECU monitors signals output from the motor resolver and detects malfunctions.

B004FQCE07

WIRING DIAGRAM

B004FX5E33

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

This step is referenced from the procedures for each DTC.

If the inspection results below are normal, perform the next procedure for the referenced DTC.

CAUTION:


  • Before inspecting the high-voltage system or disconnecting the low voltage connector of the inverter with converter assembly, take safety precautions such as wearing insulated gloves and removing the service plug grip to prevent electrical shocks. After removing the service plug grip, put it in your pocket to prevent other technicians from accidentally reconnecting it while you are working on the high-voltage system.

  • After removing the service plug grip, wait for at least 10 minutes before touching any of the high-voltage connectors or terminals. After waiting for 10 minutes, check the voltage at the terminals in the inspection point in the inverter with converter assembly. The voltage should be 0 V before beginning work.

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    Tech Tips

    Waiting for at least 10 minutes is required to discharge the high-voltage capacitor inside the inverter with converter assembly.

Note

After turning the power switch off, waiting time may be required before disconnecting the cable from the negative (-) auxiliary battery terminal. Therefore, make sure to read the disconnecting the cable from the negative (-) auxiliary battery terminal notices before proceeding with work.

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Tech Tips


  • If the problem symptom cannot be reproduced, performing a road test on a road on which the vehicle tends to vibrate will make it easier to reproduce the symptom.

  • If the resolver is malfunctioning, the vehicle may not drive smoothly.

PROCEDURE


  1. CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (INVERTER WITH CONVERTER ASSEMBLY - MOTOR RESOLVER)

    CAUTION:

    Be sure to wear insulated gloves.


    1. Check that the service plug grip is not installed.

      Note

      After removing the service plug grip, do not turn the power switch on (READY), unless instructed by the repair manual because this may cause a malfunction.

    2. Disconnect the A83*1 orA26*2 inverter with converter assembly connector.


      • *1: for LHD

      • *2: for RHD

    3. Connect the cable to the negative (-) auxiliary battery terminal.

    4. Turn the power switch on (IG).

    5. B004G6ZC01
      *A for LHD
      *B for RHD
      *a

      Front view of wire harness connector

      (to Inverter with Converter Assembly)

      Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Voltage
      for LHD
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      A83-40 (MRF) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A83-29 (MRFG) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A83-39 (MSN) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A83-28 (MSNG) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A83-38 (MCS) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A83-27 (MCSG) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      for RHD
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      A26-40 (MRF) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A26-29 (MRFG) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A26-39 (MSN) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A26-28 (MSNG) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A26-38 (MCS) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V
      A26-27 (MCSG) - Body ground Power switch on (IG) Below 1 V

      Note

      Turning the power switch on (IG) with the inverter with converter assembly disconnected causes other DTCs to be stored. Clear the DTCs after performing this inspection.

    6. Turn the power switch off.

    7. Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) auxiliary battery terminal.

    8. Reconnect the A83*1 or A26*2 inverter with converter assembly connector.


      • *1: for LHD

      • *2: for RHD

      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG

    NG
    OK
  2. CHECK MOTOR RESOLVER

    CAUTION:

    Be sure to wear insulated gloves.


    1. Check that the service plug grip is not installed.

      Note

      After removing the service plug grip, do not turn the power switch on (READY), unless instructed by the repair manual because this may cause a malfunction.

    2. Disconnect the A83*1 or A26*2 inverter with converter assembly connector.


      • *1: for LHD

      • *2: for RHD

    3. B004EHSC02
      *A for LHD
      *B for RHD
      *a

      Front view of wire harness connector

      (to Inverter with Converter Assembly)

      Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Resistance
      for LHD
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      A83-40 (MRF) - A83-29 (MRFG) Power switch off 4.2 to 12.5 Ω
      A83-39 (MSN) - A83-28 (MSNG) Power switch off 9.8 to 24.8 Ω
      A83-38 (MCS) - A83-27 (MCSG) Power switch off 9.8 to 24.8 Ω
      for RHD
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      A26-40 (MRF) - A26-29 (MRFG) Power switch off 4.2 to 12.5 Ω
      A26-39 (MSN) - A26-28 (MSNG) Power switch off 9.8 to 24.8 Ω
      A26-38 (MCS) - A26-27 (MCSG) Power switch off 9.8 to 24.8 Ω

      Tech Tips

      To correct the variation of the measured resistance due to temperature, use the following formula to calculate the resistance at 20°C (68°F).

      R20 = Rt / {1 + 0.00393 X (T - 20)}

      The calculation is based on the following:

      R20: Resistance at 20°C (68°F) (mΩ)

      Rt: Measured resistance (mΩ)

      T: Temperature when the resistance is measured (°C (°F).)

      Standard Resistance (Check for Short)
      for LHD
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      A83-40 (MRF) or A83-29 (MRFG) - Body ground and other terminals Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      A83-39 (MSN) or A83-28 (MSNG) - Body ground and other terminals Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      A83-38 (MCS) or A83-27 (MCSG) - Body ground and other terminals Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      for RHD
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      A26-40 (MRF) or A26-29 (MRFG) - Body ground and other terminals Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      A26-39 (MSN) or A26-28 (MSNG) - Body ground and other terminals Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      A26-38 (MCS) or A26-27 (MCSG) - Body ground and other terminals Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
    4. Reconnect the A83*1 or A26*2 inverter with converter assembly connector.


      • *1: for LHD

      • *2: for RHD

      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG

    OK
    NG
  3. CHECK CONNECTOR CONNECTION CONDITION (MOTOR RESOLVER CONNECTOR)


    1. Remove the hybrid vehicle transmission assembly.

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    2. B004FSJ

      Check the connection condition of the motor resolver connector and the contact pressure of each terminal. Check the terminals for deformation, and check the connector for water ingress and foreign matter.

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      OK
      - The connector is connected securely.
      - The terminals are not deformed and are connected securely.
      - No water or foreign matter in the connector.
      Result
      Result Proceed to
      OK A
      NG (The connector is not connected securely.) B
      NG (The terminals are not making secure contact or are deformed, or water or foreign matter exists in the connector.) C

    B
    C
    A
  4. INSPECT HYBRID VEHICLE TRANSMISSION ASSEMBLY (MOTOR RESOLVER)


    1. B004FSJ

      Disconnect the F45 motor resolver connector.

    2. B004FCRC29
      *a

      Component without harness connected

      (Motor Resolver (Hybrid Vehicle Transmission Assembly))

      Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Resistance
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      F45-1 (MRF) - F45-5 (MRFG) Power switch off 6.0 to 12.0 Ω
      F45-2 (MSN) - F45-6 (MSNG) Power switch off 12.5 to 24.5 Ω
      F45-3 (MCS) - F45-7 (MCSG) Power switch off 12.5 to 24.5 Ω

      Tech Tips

      To correct the variation of the measured resistance due to temperature, use the following formula to calculate the resistance at 20°C (68°F).

      R20 = Rt / {1 + 0.00393 X (T - 20)}

      The calculation is based on the following:

      R20: Resistance at 20°C (68°F) (mΩ)

      Rt: Measured resistance (mΩ)

      T: Temperature when the resistance is measured (°C (°F).)

      Standard Resistance (Check for Short)
      Tester Connection Condition Specified Condition
      F45-1 (MRF) - Body ground and other terminals (except 5 (MRFG)) Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      F45-5 (MRFG) - Body ground and other terminals (except 1 (MRF)) Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      F45-2 (MSN) - Body ground and other terminals (except 6 (MSNG)) Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      F45-6 (MSNG) - Body ground and other terminals (except 2 (MSN)) Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      F45-3 (MCS) - Body ground and other terminals (except 7 (MCSG)) Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher
      F45-7 (MCSG) - Body ground and other terminals (except 3 (MCS)) Power switch off 1 MΩ or higher

      Tech Tips

      The motor resolver is not available as a supply part. If it requires replacement, replace the hybrid vehicle transmission assembly.

    3. Reconnect the F45 motor resolver connector.

      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG

    OK
    NG