CAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM(w/o Central Gateway ECU)

DTC Code DTC Name
HOW TO PROCEED WITH TROUBLESHOOTING

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

  1. PRECAUTIONS WHEN TROUBLESHOOTING

    Note:
    • Because the order of diagnosis is important to allow correct diagnosis, make sure to begin troubleshooting using How to Proceed with Troubleshooting when CAN communication system related DTCs are output.

    • If the CAN communication system is malfunctioning, check the contact pressure of the terminals in connectors, as insufficient terminal contact pressure may be the cause.

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    • Refer to Diagnosis System for CAN communication system DTCs.

    • Refer to troubleshooting of each system if DTCs regarding the CAN communication system are not output.

    • Before measuring the resistance of the CAN bus, turn the ignition switch off and leave the vehicle for 1 minute or more without operating the key, switches or opening or closing the doors. After that, disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal and leave the vehicle for 1 minute or more before measuring the resistance.

    • After turning the ignition switch off, waiting time may be required before disconnecting the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal. Therefore, make sure to read the disconnecting the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal notices before proceeding with work.

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    1. CAN communication DTCs are output for CAN main bus and CAN branch malfunctions as well as for internal malfunctions or power source malfunctions of ECUs or sensors for systems using CAN communication. Therefore, when DTCs for internal malfunctions or power source malfunctions of corresponding systems are output at the same time as CAN communication DTCs, troubleshoot according to the internal malfunction and power source malfunction DTCs.

    2. The DLC3 branch and V bus main bus circuits can be checked for malfunctions by inspecting at the DLC3 terminals using an electrical tester.

      Note:
      • When inspecting at the DLC3 connector, do not connect the tester directly to the terminals. Instead, connect using service wires.

      • Inspections for an open in an ECU or sensor branch, or inspections for buses other than the V bus cannot be performed from the DLC3.

    3. An open in a branch for ECUs or sensors that are connected to the CAN main bus can be checked by performing a CAN bus check using the GTS. (This inspection is possible when the DLC3 branch and V bus main bus lines are normal.)

    4. If the V bus had a communication error, the probable ECU or sensor for which communication stopped can be determined using the combination of communication DTCs (DTCs that start with U) that are output.

    5. When an open circuit is detected, before disconnecting related connectors for inspection, push in on the connector body to check that the connector is not loose or disconnected.

    6. When a connector is disconnected, check that the terminals and connector body are not cracked, deformed or corroded.

PROCEDURE

  1. VEHICLE BROUGHT TO WORKSHOP

    Tip:
    • If the ignition switch can be turned to ON (the power source mode can be changed to on) when the vehicle is brought in for repair, check for DTCs and check the illumination condition of the indicators in the combination meter assembly and the basic operation of the vehicle (such as steering operation) promptly.

    • Do not turn the ignition switch off until the inspection of the vehicle is finished, as some fail-safe functions are canceled when the ignition switch is turned off.

    • If the ignition switch cannot be turned to ON (the power source mode cannot be changed to on) when the vehicle is brought in, measure the voltage of the battery. If the voltage is below 11 V, recharge or replace the battery before performing troubleshooting.

    • If the ignition switch cannot be turned to ON even though the battery voltage is normal, repair this malfunction before performing troubleshooting.

      Click here

    Result

    Proceed to

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  2. CUSTOMER PROBLEM ANALYSIS

    Tip:
    • When troubleshooting, confirm that the problem symptoms have been accurately identified. Preconceptions should be discarded in order to make an accurate judgment. To clearly understand what the problem symptoms are, it is extremely important to ask the customer about the problem and the conditions at the time the malfunction occurred.

    • Ask the customer if the vehicle is/was equipped with additional devices such as a theft deterrent device or monitor. (If equipped, explain to the customer that the additional devices will be removed before performing troubleshooting as the malfunction cannot be checked properly.)

    1. It is useful to confirm the symptoms and the conditions in which the vehicle was operating at the time when a malfunction occurred. This helps to narrow down the malfunctioning part.

      Tip:
      • What was affected (system, part or meter warning indicators)

      • What happened (details of the malfunction)

      • When (occurrence date and time, frequency and if it recurs or not)

      • Under what kind of situation did the problem occur (driving and operating condition at the occurrence and weather)

      • Road type or condition (city, suburb, paved road, unpaved road, highway, etc.)

      • Return conditions (what made the vehicle return to normal, for example, the ignition switch was turned off)

      Table 1. Points to be confirmed

      Symptom

      • Electric power steering

        - Normal

        - A little heavier than usual

        - There was no assist

      • Air conditioning

        - Whether the air conditioning system operated

        - Whether the blower fan operated

      • Wireless door lock function and smart entry function

        - Whether the lock/unlock function operated

      • Operation of other systems of concern

      • Cruise information display items

        - Whether the update of multi-information display items stopped

        - Whether the numeric part of drivable distance was not displayed

      Meter warning lights

      • Illumination of warning lights and the order in which they illuminated

        - Master

        - Check engine (MIL)

        - ABS

        - SLIP

        - Brake

        - EPS

        - SRS

        - Others

      • Meter display

        - Speedometer

        - Tachometer

      • Content displayed on the cruise information display

    Result

    Proceed to

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  3. CHECK GTS OPERATION

    Tip:

    Read the GTS operators manual before use.

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    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON.

    3. Turn the GTS on.

    4. Check that the GTS and ECUs can communicate with the ignition switch ON.

    Tip:
    • If communication is not possible, the GTS screen will indicate an error.

    • If communication between the GTS and ECUs is not possible, either the GTS or vehicle has a malfunction.

    • When communication between the GTS and the vehicle is not possible, but communication is possible when the GTS is connected to another vehicle, the vehicle is malfunctioning. Inspect the CANH and CANL branch lines of the DLC3 and the ECU power source circuits (in this case perform steps 7 to 9 first). In addition, check that the BAT terminal of the DLC3 receives battery voltage (11 V or more).

    • If communication between the GTS and ECUs is still not possible even when the GTS is connected to another vehicle, the GTS has the malfunction. Perform the self tests described in the GTS operators manual. (The GTS may be malfunctioning or its battery may be discharged.)

    Result

    Result

    Proceed to

    OK (Communication between the GTS and the vehicle is possible.)

    A

    OK (Communication between the GTS and the vehicle is not possible but communication is possible when connected to another vehicle.)

    B

    NG (Communication is not possible between the GTS and the vehicle, nor between the GTS and another vehicle.)

    C

    B

    CHECK DLC3 BRANCH LINE AND V BUS MAIN LINE (CANH - CANL)Click here

    C

    Refer to GTS operator's manual

    A
  4. CHECK DTC

    1. Using the GTS, perform Health Check to read current and history DTCs and record them.

      Note:
      • CAN communication DTCs are output when there is an open or short in any of the communication lines. Any problems with the power source of a corresponding ECU or sensor, or problems in the ECU or sensor itself also cause these DTCs to be output.

      • If a CAN communication line connector is disconnected with the ignition switch ON, the ECUs of the corresponding system and related systems store a DTC.

      Tip:
      • If an open in a CAN main bus line, a short between the CAN bus lines (CANH and CANL) or a +B or ground short in a CAN bus occurs, DTCs of almost all ECUs and sensors on the CAN bus may be output (or a message indicating a communication error may be displayed on the GTS screen). In this case, check the resistance of the CAN bus (steps 7 to 9) first.

      • If an open occurs in just one of the lines of a CAN branch, DTCs which are not related to malfunctioning parts may be output (DTCs may be displayed randomly), or a message indicating a communication error may be displayed on the GTS.

    2. Read the freeze frame data using the GTS and record it.

    Result

    Proceed to

    NEXT

    NEXT
  5. PERFORM COMMUNICATION MALFUNCTION CHECK (CONNECTION STATUS CHECK USING GTS)

    1. Select "Communication Malfunction Check" from the screen on the GTS.

    2. Record all the DTCs stored for ECUs and sensors.

    Result

    Proceed to

    NEXT

    NEXT
  6. PERFORM CAN BUS CHECK (CONNECTION STATUS CHECK USING GTS)

    1. Based on the vehicle equipment and specifications, confirm the systems that use CAN communication.

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    2. Select "CAN Bus Check" from the screen on the GTS.

    3. Observe the screen for approximately 2 minutes to check the ECUs and sensors displayed on the screen.

    CAN Bus Check

    Result

    Proceed to

    NEXT

    NEXT
  7. CHECK DLC3 BRANCH LINE AND V BUS MAIN LINE (CANH - CANL)

    Note:

    Before measuring the resistance of the CAN bus, turn the ignition switch off and leave the vehicle for 1 minute or more without operating the key, switches or opening or closing the doors. After that, disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal and leave the vehicle for 1 minute or more before measuring the resistance.

    Tip:

    Operating the ignition switch, any other switches or a door triggers related ECU and sensor communication on the CAN. This communication will cause the resistance value to change.

    1. Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal.

    2. C151827C19

      *1

      DLC3

      Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Resistance

      Tester Connection

      Condition

      Specified Condition

      E11-6 (CANH) - E11-14 (CANL)

      Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

      54 to 69 Ω

    Result

    Result

    Proceed to

    OK

    A

    NG (70 Ω or higher) (LHD Models)

    B

    NG (70 Ω or higher) (RHD Models)

    C

    NG (Below 54 Ω) (LHD Models)

    D

    NG (Below 54 Ω) (RHD Models)

    E

    B

    GO TO OPEN IN CAN MAIN BUS LINE (LHD Models)

    C

    GO TO OPEN IN CAN MAIN BUS LINE (RHD Models)

    E

    GO TO SHORT IN CAN BUS LINES (RHD Models)

    A
  8. CHECK FOR SHORT TO GND IN V BUS (CANH, CANL - CG)

    1. C151827C21

      *1

      DLC3

      Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Resistance

      Tester Connection

      Condition

      Specified Condition

      E11-6 (CANH) - E11-4 (CG)

      Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

      200 Ω or higher

      E11-14 (CANL) - E11-4 (CG)

    Result

    Result

    Proceed to

    OK

    A

    NG (LHD Models)

    B

    NG (RHD Models)

    C

    B

    GO TO SHORT TO GND IN CAN BUS LINE (LHD Models)

    C

    GO TO SHORT TO GND IN CAN BUS LINE (RHD Models)

    A
  9. CHECK FOR SHORT TO +B IN V BUS (CANH, CANL - BAT)

    1. C151827C20

      *1

      DLC3

      Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

      Standard Resistance

      Tester Connection

      Condition

      Specified Condition

      E11-6 (CANH) - E11-16 (BAT)

      Cable disconnected from negative (-) battery terminal

      6 kΩ or higher

      E11-14 (CANL) - E11-16 (BAT)

    Result

    Result

    Proceed to

    OK

    A

    NG (LHD Models)

    B

    NG (RHD Models)

    C

    B

    GO TO SHORT TO +B IN CAN BUS LINE (LHD Models)

    C

    GO TO SHORT TO +B IN CAN BUS LINE (RHD Models)

    A
  10. CHECK RESULT OF CAN BUS CHECK (CONNECTION STATUS CHECK USING GTS)

    1. Inspect or repair the probable malfunctioning part based on the check result of step 6 (the step in which CAN bus check was performed).

    CAN Bus Check

    Result of CAN Bus Check (Connection Status Check Using GTS)

    Result

    Proceed to

    All ECUs and sensors connected to the CAN communication system are displayed on the screen.

    (CAN bus circuit is currently normal.)

    A

    One of the ECUs and sensors connected to the V Bus is not displayed on the screen.

    (Open in ECU or sensor branch lines, or communication is interrupted.)

    B

    In addition to ECUs and sensors which are connected to the CAN communication system but are not displayed on the screen, there are ECUs or sensors for which the detection status changes (changes between detected and not detected) during the inspection.

    (Open in one side of ECU or sensor branch lines.)

    C

    Note:
    • Non-installed ECUs or sensors will not be displayed. Do not mistake them for being in communication stop mode.

    • It may be possible to select buses that do not have ECUs or sensors from the bus selection pull-down menu on the GTS. This is not a malfunction. (This occurs when optional devices are not on a sub bus that is monitored by a gateway function equipped ECU.)

    Tip:
    • Regarding CAN Bus Check, refer to How to Interpret CAN Bus Check Screen.

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    • If the detection status of ECUs changes during the inspection, one of the branch lines of a connected ECU or sensor may be open. (Signals from the ECU or sensor that has an open in one of its branch lines create electrical noise, affecting response to the GTS and whether or not the ECUs and sensors are displayed.)

    C

    GO TO OPEN IN ONE SIDE OF CAN BRANCH LINE

    A
  11. CHECK RESULT OF CHECK COMMUNICATION MALFUNCTION CHECK (SELECT THE MALFUNCTIONING BUS)

    1. Inspect or repair the probable malfunctioning part based on the check result of step 5 (the step in which checking for communication malfunction DTCs was performed).

    Tip:
    • When checking for communication DTCs, refer to How to Interpret Communication DTCs (DTCs that start with U).

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    • If communication DTCs are stored, and all ECUs and sensors connected to the CAN communication system are displayed on the CAN Bus Check screen of the GTS, a past malfunction that is currently not occurring is suspected.

    • When a CAN branch of the V bus is malfunctioning, because the ECUs and sensors related to it detect the malfunction, the problem area can be determined using the combination of DTCs that are output.

    Result

    Proceed to

    NEXT

    NEXT
  12. DTC COMBINATION TABLE

    1. Confirm the problem according to the combination of output DTCs regarding the CAN communication system.

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    Result

    Result

    Proceed to

    Combination of DTCs is not in DTC Combination Table

    A

    Combination of DTCs is in DTC Combination Table

    B

    Tip:

    CAN communication system history DTCs may indicate the problem if CAN communication system DTCs are output and all ECUs and sensors connected to the CAN communication system are displayed on the CAN Bus Check screen of the GTS.

  13. IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEM (PAST MALFUNCTION IN MAIN BUS OF V BUS)

    1. Connect the cable to the negative (-) battery terminal.

    2. Clear the DTCs using the GTS.

    3. Perform the tests in Symptom Simulation to check the wire harnesses and connectors including those for V bus main bus lines.

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    4. Based on the results of the check, inspect the parts that output DTCs to determine the malfunctioning part.

      Tip:

      If DTCs are output, do not turn the ignition switch off.

    Result

    Proceed to

    NEXT

    NEXT
  14. REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT

    Result

    Proceed to

    NEXT

    NEXT
  15. CONFIRMATION TEST

    Result

    Proceed to

    NEXT

    NEXT

    END