БЛОК ДВИГАТЕЛЯ РАЗБОРКА


  1. REMOVE OIL FILLER CAP SUB-ASSEMBLY

  2. REMOVE PCV VALVE SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BB9U

      Slide the clamp and disconnect the PCV hose from the PCV valve sub-assembly.

    2. Remove the PCV valve sub-assembly.

  3. REMOVE CAMSHAFT POSITION SENSOR


    1. A01BCWB

      Disconnect the camshaft position sensor connector.

    2. Remove the bolt and camshaft position sensor.

  4. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR


    1. A01BDLN

      Disconnect the crankshaft position sensor connector and detach the 2 wire harness clamps.

    2. A01BEWD

      Remove the bolt and crankshaft position sensor.

  5. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING OIL CONTROL VALVE ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BG3Y

      Disconnect the camshaft timing oil control valve connector.

    2. A01BFHL

      Remove the bolt and camshaft timing oil control valve assembly.

  6. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BCT5

      Remove the 19 bolts, 2 nuts and cylinder head cover sub-assembly.

    2. Remove the cylinder head cover gasket and No. 2 cylinder head cover gasket from the cylinder head cover sub-assembly.

  7. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT PULLEY


    1. A01BCTUE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Loosen
      *b Hold

      Using SST, hold the crankshaft pulley and loosen the pulley bolt until 2 or 3 threads are screwed into the crankshaft.

      SST
      09213-54015   ( 91651-60855 )
      09330-00021
    2. A01BBUYE04
      Text in Illustration
      *a Turn
      *b Hold

      Using SST and the pulley bolt, remove the crankshaft pulley and pulley bolt.

      SST
      09950-50013   ( 09951-05010, 09952-05010, 09953-05010, 09954-05021 )

      Tech Tips

      Apply lubricant to the threads and end of SST.

  8. REMOVE NO. 2 OIL PAN SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Remove the oil pan drain plug and gasket.

    2. A01BA53

      Remove the 18 bolts and 2 nuts.

    3. A01BDYP

      Insert the blade of an oil pan seal cutter between the oil pans. Cut through the applied sealer and remove the No. 2 oil pan sub-assembly.

      Note

      Do not damage the contact surfaces of the oil pans.

  9. REMOVE OIL STRAINER SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BG24E03

      Remove the bolt, 2 nuts, oil strainer sub-assembly and gasket.

  10. REMOVE OIL PAN SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BAP2E01

      Remove the 16 bolts and 2 nuts.

    2. A01BDOLE04
      Text in Illustration
      *a Protective Tape

      Remove the oil pan sub-assembly by prying between the oil pan sub-assembly and cylinder block with a screwdriver.

      Note

      Do not damage the contact surfaces of the cylinder block and oil pan sub-assembly.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

    3. A01BCQFE01

      Remove the O-ring.

  11. REMOVE TIMING CHAIN COVER SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BEOD

      Remove the 17 bolts and nut shown in the illustration.

    2. A01BAX1E03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Protective Tape

      Remove the timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly by prying between the timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly and cylinder head sub-assembly or cylinder block sub-assembly with a screwdriver.

      Note

      Do not damage the contact surfaces of the cylinder head sub-assembly, cylinder block sub-assembly and timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

    3. A01BCSVE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Timing Chain Cover O-ring
      *2 Water Pump O-ring
      *3 Oil Pump O-ring

      Remove the 3 O-rings from the timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly.

    4. A01BEKG

      Using a 10 mm socket hexagon wrench, remove the timing chain cover plug from the timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly.

  12. REMOVE ENGINE WATER PUMP ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BHLJ

      Remove the 8 bolts, engine water pump assembly and gasket from the timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly.

  13. REMOVE FRONT CRANKSHAFT OIL SEAL


    1. A01BF09E05
      Text in Illustration
      *a Protective Tape
      *b Wooden Block

      Using a screwdriver, pry out the timing chain case oil seal from the timing chain or belt cover sub-assembly.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

  14. SET NO. 1 CYLINDER TO TDC/COMPRESSION


    1. Temporarily install the crankshaft pulley bolt.

    2. A01BGSHE02
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Key
      *a Timing Mark

      Rotate the crankshaft clockwise so that the timing marks on the crankshaft timing gear and camshaft timing gears are as shown in the illustration.

      Tech Tips

      If the timing marks do not align, rotate the crankshaft clockwise again and align the timing marks.

  15. REMOVE TIMING CHAIN GUIDE


    1. A01BFIFE03
      Text in Illustration
      *1 O-Ring

      Remove the 2 bolts, timing chain guide and O-ring.

  16. REMOVE NO. 1 CHAIN TENSIONER ASSEMBLY

    Note


    • When the No. 1 chain tensioner assembly is removed, do not rotate the crankshaft.

    • When the chain is removed and the camshaft needs to be rotated, rotate the crankshaft 90° to the right.


    1. A01BBLJE14
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Plunger
      *a Stopper Plate
      *b Hexagon Wrench

      Move the stopper plate upward to release the lock and push the plunger deep into the tensioner.

    2. Move the stopper plate downward to set the lock and insert a hexagon wrench into the stopper plate hole.

    3. Remove the bolt, nut, No. 1 chain tensioner assembly and gasket.

  17. REMOVE CHAIN TENSIONER SLIPPER


    1. Remove the bolt and chain tensioner slipper.

  18. REMOVE NO. 1 CHAIN VIBRATION DAMPER


    1. Remove the 2 bolts and No. 1 chain vibration damper.

  19. REMOVE CHAIN SUB-ASSEMBLY

  20. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT TIMING GEAR OR SPROCKET


    1. Remove the crankshaft timing gear or sprocket from the crankshaft.

  21. REMOVE CRANK POSITION SENSOR ROTOR

  22. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT PULLEY SET KEY


    1. Remove the 2 crankshaft pulley set keys from the crankshaft.

  23. REMOVE OIL JET


    1. Remove the bolt, oil jet and gasket.

  24. REMOVE CAMSHAFT BEARING CAP


    1. A01BCRRE03

      Uniformly loosen and remove the 21 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

      Note

      Uniformly loosen the bolts while keeping the camshafts level.

    2. A01BC5X

      Remove the oil delivery pipe and O-ring from the bearing caps.

    3. A01BF86E02

      Remove the 9 bearing caps.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  25. REMOVE CAMSHAFT


    1. A01BGQR

      Remove the camshaft.

  26. REMOVE NO. 2 CAMSHAFT


    1. A01BEH7

      Remove the No.2 camshaft.

  27. REMOVE NO. 1 VALVE ROCKER ARM SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Remove the 16 No. 1 valve rocker arm sub-assemblies from the cylinder head sub-assembly.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  28. REMOVE VALVE STEM CAP


    1. Remove the 16 valve stem caps from the cylinder head sub-assembly.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  29. REMOVE VALVE LASH ADJUSTER ASSEMBLY


    1. Remove the 16 valve lash adjuster assemblies from the cylinder head sub-assembly.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  30. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR OR SPROCKET


    1. A01BB7D

      Mount the No. 2 camshaft in a vise and remove the bolt and camshaft timing gear or sprocket.

      Note

      Do not damage the No. 2 camshaft.

  31. INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSEMBLY


    1. Check the lock of the camshaft timing gear assembly.


      1. Mount the camshaft in a vise and confirm that the camshaft timing gear assembly is locked.

        Note

        Do not damage the camshaft.

    2. Release the lock pin.


      1. Clean the camshaft journal with non-residue solvent.

      2. A01BF28E02
        Text in Illustration
        *a Retard Side Path
        *b Advance Side Path
        *c Open
        *d Close
        A01BGA6 Rubber Piece
        A01BI0O Vinyl Tape

        Cover the 4 oil paths of the cam journal with vinyl tape as shown in the illustration.

        Tech Tips

        2 advance side paths are provided in the groove of the camshaft. Plug one of the paths with a rubber piece.

      3. Break through the tape over the advance side path, and then break through the tape over the retard side path on the opposite side from the hole over the advance side path as shown in the illustration.

      4. A01BBYBE17
        Text in Illustration
        *a Retard Side Path
        *b Advance Side Path

        Apply compressed air at approximately 200 kPa (2.0 kgf/cm2, 28 psi) to the two paths accessible through the holes in the tape.

        CAUTION:

        Some oil splashing will occur. Cover the paths with a piece of cloth.

      5. A01BB3TE15
        Text in Illustration
        *a Retard Side Path
        *b Advance Side Path
        *c Decompress
        *d Hold Pressure

        Check that the camshaft timing gear assembly revolves in the advance direction when reducing the air pressure applied to the retard side path.

        OK
        Gear rotates in the advance direction.

        Tech Tips

        This operation releases the lock pin which holds the timing gear in the most retarded position.

      6. When the camshaft timing gear assembly reaches the most advanced position, release the air pressure from the retard side path and advance side path in that order.

        Note

        Do not release the air pressure from the advance side path first. The gear may abruptly shift in the retard direction and break the lock pin.

    3. Check for smooth rotation.


      1. Rotate the camshaft timing gear assembly within its movable range several times, but do not turn it to the most retarded position. Check that the gear rotates smoothly.

        CAUTION:

        Do not use air pressure to perform the smooth operation check.

    4. Check the lock in the most retarded position.


      1. Confirm that the camshaft timing gear assembly becomes locked at the most retarded position.

  32. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSEMBLY


    1. Check that the camshaft timing gear assembly does not turn by mounting the hexagon wrench head portion of the camshaft in a vise through aluminum metal cap and so on.

      Note

      Be sure not to damage the camshaft.

    2. A01BAPGE12
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Flange Bolt
      *2 Straight Pin
      *a Do Not Remove

      Remove the flange bolt and camshaft timing gear assembly.

      Note


      • Be sure not to remove the other 3 bolts.

      • If planning to reuse the gear, be sure to release the straight pin lock before installing the gear.

  33. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BBAVE04

      Uniformly loosen the 10 bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the 10 cylinder head set bolts and plate washers.

      Note


      • Be careful not to drop plate washers into the cylinder head sub-assembly.

      • Head warpage or cracking could result from removing bolts in incorrect order.

    2. Remove the cylinder head sub-assembly.

  34. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD GASKET

  35. REMOVE OIL FILTER ELEMENT


    1. A01BHHBE12
      Text in Illustration
      *a Oil Filter Drain Pipe
      *b Hose

      Connect a hose with an inside diameter of 15 mm (0.591 in.) to the oil filter drain pipe.

    2. A01BEU6

      Remove the oil filter drain plug.

    3. Remove the O-ring from the oil filter drain plug and install it to an oil filter drain pipe.

    4. A01BCB5E01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Oil Filter Cap
      *2 O-Ring
      *a Oil Filter Drain Pipe

      Install the oil filter drain pipe to the oil filter cap and drain the engine oil.

    5. Remove the oil filter drain pipe.

    6. Apply a light coat of engine oil to a new O-ring and install it to the oil filter drain plug.

    7. Install the oil filter drain plug to the oil filter cap.

      Torque:
      13 N*m  { 127 kgf*cm, 9 ft.*lbf }
    8. A01BC3UE01

      Using SST, remove the oil filter cap.

      SST
      09228-06501
    9. A01BATTE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Oil Filter Element
      *2 Oil Filter Cap
      *3 O-Ring

      Remove the oil filter element and O-ring from the oil filter cap.

  36. REMOVE OIL FILTER BRACKET SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BG2QE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Union Bolt
      *2 Nut

      Remove the union bolt, gasket and O-ring.

    2. Remove the nut, oil filter bracket sub-assembly and O-ring.

    3. Remove the 2 straight screw plugs and 2 gaskets from the oil filter bracket sub-assembly.

  37. REMOVE REAR ENGINE OIL SEAL RETAINER


    1. Remove the 6 bolts.

    2. A01BI06E03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Protective Tape

      Using a screwdriver with its tip taped, pry out the rear engine oil seal retainer.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

  38. REMOVE REAR CRANKSHAFT OIL SEAL


    1. A01BGJRE04
      Text in Illustration
      *a Protective Tape
      *b Wooden Blocks

      Place the rear engine oil seal retainer on wooden blocks.

    2. Using a screwdriver with its tip taped and a hammer, tap out the rear crankshaft oil seal.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

  39. INSPECT CHAIN SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Pull the chain with a force of 147 N (15 kgf, 33.0 lbf) as shown in the illustration.

    2. A01BGLCE05
      Text in Illustration
      *a Measuring Area

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the length of 16 links.

      Maximum chain elongation
      147.5 mm (5.81 in.)

      If the elongation is more than the maximum, replace the chain sub-assembly.

      Note

      Perform the measurement at 3 random places.

      Use the average of the measurements.

  40. INSPECT NO. 1 CHAIN TENSIONER ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BD8YE08
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Plunger
      *2 Stopper Plate

      Move the stopper plate upward to release the lock. Push the plunger and check that it moves smoothly.

  41. INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR OR SPROCKET


    1. A01BH1JE04

      Measure the distance between the most worn out sprocket tip and the beginning of the worn area below the tip.

      Minimum distance
      1.0 mm (0.0394 in.)
      Text in Illustration
      A01BI0O Worn Area

      If the distance is less than the minimum, replace the camshaft timing gear or sprocket.

      If the worn area is too small or difficult to distinguish from a normal area, perform steps (b) and (c) below.

    2. Wrap the chain around the sprocket.

    3. Using a vernier caliper, measure the sprocket diameter with the chain.

      Minimum sprocket diameter (with chain)
      113.8 mm (4.48 in.)

      Tech Tips

      The vernier caliper must contact the chain rollers for the measurement.

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the chain sub-assembly and camshaft timing gear or sprocket.

  42. INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BFZBE05

      Measure the distance between the most worn out timing gear tip and the beginning of the worn area below the tip.

      Minimum distance
      1.0 mm (0.0394 in.)
      Text in Illustration
      A01BI0O Worn Area

      If the distance is less than the minimum, replace the camshaft timing gear assembly.

      If the worn area is too small or difficult to distinguish from a normal area, perform steps (b) and (c) below.

    2. Wrap the chain around the timing gear.

    3. Using a vernier caliper, measure the sprocket diameter with the chain.

      Minimum sprocket diameter (with chain)
      113.8 mm (4.48 in.)

      Tech Tips

      The vernier caliper must contact the chain rollers for the measurement.

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the chain sub-assembly and camshaft timing gear assembly.

  43. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT TIMING GEAR OR SPROCKET


    1. A01BBZCE04

      Measure the distance between the most worn out sprocket tip and the beginning of the worn area below the tip.

      Minimum distance
      1.0 mm (0.0394 in.)
      Text in Illustration
      A01BI0O Worn Area

      If the distance is less than the minimum, replace the crankshaft timing gear or sprocket.

      If the worn area is too small or difficult to distinguish from a normal area, perform steps (b) and (c) below.

    2. Wrap the chain around the drive sprocket.

    3. Using a vernier caliper, measure the sprocket diameter with the chain.

      Minimum sprocket diameter (with chain)
      59.4 mm (2.34 in.)

      Tech Tips

      The vernier caliper must contact the chain rollers for the measurement.

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the chain sub-assembly and crankshaft timing gear or sprocket.

  44. INSPECT CHAIN TENSIONER SLIPPER


    1. A01BDG9E09
      Text in Illustration
      *a Wear

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the tensioner slipper wear.

      Maximum wear
      2.0 mm (0.0787 in.)

      If the wear is more than the maximum, replace the chain tensioner slipper

  45. INSPECT NO. 1 CHAIN VIBRATION DAMPER


    1. A01BELOE08
      Text in Illustration
      *a Wear

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the vibration damper wear.

      Maximum wear
      2.0 mm (0.0787 in.)

      If the wear is more than the maximum, replace the No. 1 chain vibration damper.

  46. INSPECT TIMING CHAIN GUIDE


    1. A01BB79E06

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the chain guide wear.

      Maximum wear
      0.5 mm (0.0197 in.)
      Text in Illustration
      A01BI0O Wear

      If the wear is more than the maximum, replace the timing chain guide.

  47. INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD SET BOLT


    1. A01BACIE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Measuring area
      *b Distance

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the diameter of the most elongated threads in the measuring area.

      Standard outside diameter
      10.76 to 10.97 mm (0.424 to 0.432 in.)
      Minimum outside diameter
      10.40 mm (0.409 in.)
      Distance
      30 mm (1.18 in.)

      If a visual check reveals no excessively thin areas, check the center of the measuring area (see illustration) and find the area that has the smallest diameter.

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the cylinder head set bolt.

  48. INSPECT VALVE LASH ADJUSTER ASSEMBLY

    Note


    • Keep the valve lash adjuster assembly free from dirt and foreign objects.

    • Only use clean engine oil.


    1. A01BB2IE05
      Text in Illustration
      *a CORRECT
      *b INCORRECT
      *c Tapered Part
      *d Plunger
      *e Low Pressure Chamber
      *f Check Ball
      *g High Pressure Chamber

      Place the valve lash adjuster assembly into a container full of new engine oil.

    2. Insert the tip of SST into the valve lash adjuster assembly plunger and use the tip to press down on the check ball inside the plunger.

      SST
      09276-71010
    3. Squeeze SST and the valve lash adjuster assembly together to move the plunger up and down 5 to 6 times.

    4. Check the movement of the plunger and bleed air.

      OK
      Plunger moves up and down.

      Note

      When bleeding high-pressure air from the compression chamber, make sure that the tip of SST is actually pressing the check ball as shown in the illustration. If the check ball is not pressed, air will not bleed.

    5. After bleeding the air, remove SST. Then try to quickly and firmly press the plunger with your fingers.

      OK
      Plunger can be pressed 3 times.

      If the plunger can still be compressed after pressing it 3 times, replace the valve lash adjuster assembly with a new one.

  49. REMOVE INTAKE VALVE


    1. A01BANCE01

      Using SST and wooden blocks, compress the compression spring and remove the valve retainer locks.

      SST
      09202-70020   ( 09202-00010 )
    2. Remove the retainer, compression spring, and valve.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  50. REMOVE EXHAUST VALVE


    1. A01BHPME01

      Using SST and wooden blocks, compress the compression spring and remove the valve retainer locks.

      SST
      09202-70020   ( 09202-00010 )
    2. Remove the retainer, compression spring, and valve.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  51. REMOVE VALVE STEM OIL SEAL


    1. Using needle-nose pliers, remove the oil seals.

  52. REMOVE VALVE SPRING SEAT


    1. Remove the valve spring seats from the cylinder head.

  53. REMOVE OIL CONTROL VALVE FILTER


    1. A01BC3S

      Using an 8 mm hexagon wrench, remove the screw plug.

    2. Remove the oil control valve filter and gasket.

  54. REMOVE NO. 1 HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG

    Note

    If coolant leaks from a No. 1 head straight screw plug or a plug is corroded, replace it.

    A01BF69

    1. Using a 10 mm hexagon wrench, remove the 3 No. 1 head straight screw plugs and 3 gaskets.

  55. REMOVE NO. 2 HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG

    Note

    If coolant leaks from the No. 2 head straight screw plug or the plug is corroded, replace it.

    A01BEAI

    1. Using a 19 mm hexagon wrench, remove the No. 2 head straight screw plug and gasket.

  56. INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BE10E02
      Text in Illustration
      *a Cylinder Head Lower Side
      *b Intake Manifold Side
      *c Exhaust Manifold Side

      Using a precision straightedge and feeler gauge, measure the warpage of the contact surface of the cylinder block and manifolds.

      Maximum warpage
      0.05 mm (0.00197 in.)

      If the warpage is more than the maximum, replace the cylinder head sub-assembly.

    2. Using a dye penetrant, check the intake ports, exhaust ports and cylinder surface for cracks.

      If cracked, replace the cylinder head sub-assembly.

  57. INSPECT INTAKE VALVE SEATS


    1. Apply a light coat of Prussian blue to the valve face.

    2. Lightly press the valve face against the valve seat.

      Tech Tips

      Do not rotate the valve while pressing the valve against the valve seat.

    3. Check the valve face and valve seat by using the following procedure.


      1. If Prussian blue appears around the entire valve face, the valve face is concentric. If not, replace the valve.

      2. If Prussian blue appears around the entire valve seat, the guide and valve face are concentric. If not, resurface the valve seat.

      3. A01BAUZE05
        Text in Illustration
        *a Width

        Check that the valve seat contacts in the middle of the valve face with the width between 1.0 and 1.4 mm (0.0394 and 0.0551 in.).

  58. INSPECT EXHAUST VALVE SEATS


    1. Apply a light coat of Prussian blue to the valve face.

    2. Lightly press the valve face against the valve seat.

      Tech Tips

      Do not rotate the valve while pressing the valve against the valve seat.

    3. Check the valve face and valve seat by using the following procedure.


      1. If Prussian blue appears around the entire valve face, the valve face is concentric. If not, replace the valve.

      2. If Prussian blue appears around the entire valve seat, the guide and valve face are concentric. If not, resurface the valve seat.

      3. A01BFHZE04
        Text in Illustration
        *a Width

        Check that the valve seat contacts in the middle of the valve face with the width between 1.0 and 1.4 mm (0.0394 and 0.0551 in.).

  59. REPAIR INTAKE VALVE SEAT

    Note


    • Repair the seat while checking the seating position.

    • Keep the lip free of foreign matter.

    • Take off the cutter gradually to make the intake valve seat smooth.


    1. A01BD3UE09
      Text in Illustration
      *a Width

      If the seating is too high on the valve face, use 30° and 45° cutters to correct the seat.

    2. A01BE03E10
      Text in Illustration
      *a Width

      If the seating is too low on the valve face, use 60° and 45° cutters to correct the seat.

    3. Hand-lap the valve and valve seat with an abrasive compound.

    4. Check the valve seating position.

      Standard width
      1.0 to 1.4 mm (0.0394 to 0.0551 in.)
  60. REPAIR EXHAUST VALVE SEAT

    Note


    • Repair the seat while checking the seating position.

    • Keep the lip free of foreign matter.

    • Take off the cutter gradually to make the exhaust valve seat smooth.


    1. A01BE68E08
      Text in Illustration
      *a Width

      If the seating is too high on the valve face, use 30° and 45° cutters to correct the seat.

    2. A01BE03E11
      Text in Illustration
      *a Width

      If the seating is too low on the valve face, use 60° and 45° cutters to correct the seat.

    3. Hand-lap the valve and valve seat with an abrasive compound.

    4. Check the valve seating position.

      Standard width
      1.0 to 1.4 mm (0.0394 to 0.0551 in.)
  61. INSPECT CAMSHAFT


    1. Check the camshaft for runout.


      1. Place the camshaft on V-blocks.

      2. Using a dial indicator, measure the circle runout at the center journal.

        Maximum circle runout
        0.03 mm (0.00118 in.)

        If the circle runout is more than the maximum, replace the camshaft.

    2. Using a micrometer, measure the cam lobe height.

      Standard cam lobe height
      42.855 to 42.955 mm (1.687 to 1.691 in.)
      Minimum cam lobe height
      42.855 mm (1.687 in.)

      If the cam lobe height is less than the minimum, replace the camshaft.

    3. Using a micrometer, measure the journal diameter.

      Standard Journal Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 journal 35.949 to 35.965 mm (1.415 to 1.416 in.)
      Other journal 26.959 to 26.975 mm (1.061 to 1.062 in.)

      If the journal diameter is not as specified, check the oil clearance.

  62. INSPECT NO. 2 CAMSHAFT


    1. Check the No. 2 camshaft for runout.


      1. Place the camshaft on V-blocks.

      2. Using a dial indicator, measure the circle runout at the center journal.

        Maximum circle runout
        0.03 mm (0.00118 in.)

        If the circle runout is more than the maximum, replace the No. 2 camshaft.

    2. Using a micrometer, measure the cam lobe height.

      Standard cam lobe height
      42.854 to 42.954 mm (1.687 to 1.691 in.)
      Minimum cam lobe height
      42.854 mm (1.687 in.)

      If the cam lobe height is less than the minimum, replace the No. 2 camshaft.

    3. Using a micrometer, measure the journal diameter.

      Standard Journal Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 journal 35.949 to 35.965 mm (1.415 to 1.416 in.)
      Other journal 26.959 to 26.975 mm (1.061 to 1.062 in.)

      If the journal diameter is not as specified, check the oil clearance.

  63. INSPECT CAMSHAFT THRUST CLEARANCE


    1. A01BGFO

      Install the camshafts Click here.

    2. Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while moving the camshaft back and forth.

      Standard thrust clearance
      0.10 to 0.24 mm (0.00394 to 0.00945 in.)
      Maximum thrust clearance
      0.26 mm (0.0102 in.)

      If the thrust clearance is more than the maximum, replace the cylinder head. If the thrust surface is damaged, replace the camshaft.

  64. INSPECT CAMSHAFT OIL CLEARANCE


    1. Clean the bearing caps and camshaft journals.

    2. Place the camshafts on the cylinder head sub-assembly.

    3. A01BDCEE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Plastigage

      Lay a strip of Plastigage across each of the camshaft journals.

    4. Install the bearing caps Click here.

      Note

      Do not turn the camshaft.

    5. Remove the bearing caps Click here.

    6. A01BCRFE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Plastigage

      Measure the Plastigage at its widest point.

      Standard Journal Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 journal 0.035 to 0.072 mm (0.00138 to 0.00283 in.)
      Other journal 0.025 to 0.062 mm (0.000984 to 0.00244 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.08 mm (0.00315 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the camshaft. If necessary, replace the cylinder head sub-assembly.

    7. Completely remove the Plastigage.

  65. INSPECT INNER COMPRESSION SPRING


    1. A01BDB9

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the free length of the inner compression spring.

      Free length
      48.53 mm (1.91 in.)

      If the free length is not as specified, replace the inner compression spring.

    2. A01BHSKE08
      Text in Illustration
      *a Deviation

      Using a steel square, measure the deviation of the inner compression spring.

      Maximum deviation
      1.5 mm (0.0591 in.)
      Maximum angle (reference)

      If the deviation is more than the maximum, replace the inner compression spring.

  66. INSPECT INTAKE VALVE


    1. Using a vernier caliper, measure the overall length of the valve.

      Standard overall length
      106.56 to 106.96 mm (4.20 to 4.21 in.)
      Minimum overall length
      106.46 mm (4.19 in.)

      If the overall length is less than the minimum, replace the intake valve.

    2. Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of the valve stem.

      Standard valve stem diameter
      5.470 to 5.485 mm (0.215 to 0.216 in.)
    3. A01BFCWE07
      Text in Illustration
      *a Margin Thickness

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the valve head margin thickness.

      Standard margin thickness
      1.05 to 1.45 mm (0.0413 to 0.0571 in.)
      Minimum margin thickness
      0.50 mm (0.0197 in.)

      If the margin thickness is less than the minimum, replace the intake valve.

  67. INSPECT EXHAUST VALVE


    1. Using a vernier caliper, measure the overall length of the valve.

      Standard overall length
      107.04 to 107.44 mm (4.214 to 4.230 in.)
      Minimum overall length
      106.94 mm (4.210 in.)

      If the overall length is less than the minimum, replace the exhaust valve.

    2. Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of the valve stem.

      Standard valve stem diameter
      5.465 to 5.480 mm (0.215 to 0.216 in.)
    3. A01BDYCE05
      Text in Illustration
      *a Margin Thickness

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the valve head margin thickness.

      Standard margin thickness
      1.2 to 1.6 mm (0.0472 to 0.0630 in.)
      Minimum margin thickness
      0.50 mm (0.0197 in.)

      If the margin thickness is less than the minimum, replace the exhaust valve.

  68. INSPECT VALVE GUIDE BUSH OIL CLEARANCE


    1. A01BEUU

      Using a caliper gauge, measure the inside diameter of the guide bush.

      Standard bush inside diameter
      5.51 to 5.53 mm (0.217 to 0.218 in.)
    2. Subtract the valve stem diameter measurement from the guide bush inside diameter measurement.

      Standard Oil Clearance
      Item Specified Condition
      Intake 0.025 to 0.060 mm (0.000984 to 0.00236 in.)
      Exhaust 0.030 to 0.065 mm (0.00118 to 0.00256 in.)
      Maximum Oil Clearance
      Item Specified Condition
      Intake 0.08 mm (0.00315 in.)
      Exhaust 0.10 mm (0.00397 in.)

      If the clearance is more than the maximum, replace the intake valve and intake valve guide bush (See disassembly, step 69 and reassembly, step 16).

      If the clearance is more than the maximum, replace the exhaust valve and exhaust valve guide bush (See disassembly, step 70 and reassembly, step 17).

  69. REMOVE INTAKE VALVE GUIDE BUSH


    1. Heat the cylinder head to 80 to 100°C (176 to 212°F)

    2. Place the cylinder head on wooden blocks.

    3. A01BG7CE01

      Using SST and a hammer, tap out the guide bush.

      SST
      09201-10000   ( 09201-01050 )
      09950-70010   ( 09951-07100 )
  70. REMOVE EXHAUST VALVE GUIDE BUSH


    1. Heat the cylinder head to 80 to 100°C (176 to 212 °F).

    2. Place the cylinder head on wooden blocks.

    3. A01BDVGE01

      Using SST and a hammer, tap out the guide bush.

      SST
      09201-10000   ( 09201-01050 )
      09950-70010   ( 09951-07100 )
  71. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD THRUST CLEARANCE


    1. A01BATH

      Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while moving the connecting rod back and forth.

      Standard thrust clearance
      0.15 to 0.35 mm (0.00591 to 0.0138 in.)
      Maximum thrust clearance
      0.40 mm (0.0157 in.)

      If the thrust clearance is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod assembly. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

  72. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD OIL CLEARANCE


    1. Check that the matchmarks on the connecting rod and cap are aligned to ensure the correct reassembly.

      Tech Tips

      The matchmarks on the connecting rods and caps are for ensuring the correct reassembly.

    2. A01BAAF

      Remove the 2 connecting rod cap bolts.

    3. Using the 2 removed connecting rod cap bolts, remove the connecting rod cap and lower bearing by wiggling the connecting rod cap right and left.

      Tech Tips

      Keep the lower bearing inserted to the connecting rod cap.

    4. Clean the crank pin and bearing.

    5. Check the crank pin and bearing for pitting and scratches.

    6. A01BGMSE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Plastigage

      Lay a strip of Plastigage on the crank pin.

    7. A01BGMME02
      Text in Illustration
      *a Front Mark

      Check that the front mark of the connecting rod cap is facing forward.

    8. Install the connecting rod cap Click here.

      Note

      Do not turn the crankshaft.

    9. A01BHOF

      Remove the 2 bolts and connecting rod cap (refer to the steps above).

    10. A01BCPQE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Front Mark
      *b 4, 5 or 6 Mark

      Measure the Plastigage at its widest point.

      Standard oil clearance
      0.039 to 0.066 mm (0.00154 to 0.00260 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.066 mm (0.00260 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod bearings. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      If replacing a bearing, replace it with one that has the same number as its respective connecting rod cap. Each bearing's standard thickness is indicated by a 4, 5 or 6 mark on its surface.

      Standard crankshaft pin diameter
      52.989 to 53.002 mm (2.086 to 2.087 in.)
      Standard Bearing Center Wall Thickness
      Item Specified Condition
      Mark 4 1.484 to 1.487 mm (0.05843 to 0.05854 in.)
      Mark 5 1.488 to 1.490 mm (0.05858 to 0.05866 in.)
      Mark 6 1.491 to 1.493 mm (0.05870 to 0.05878 in.)
    11. Completely remove the Plastigage.

    12. Perform the inspection above for each crank pin.

  73. REMOVE PISTON SUB-ASSEMBLY WITH CONNECTING ROD


    1. A01BEJJE10
      Text in Illustration
      *a Ridge Reamer

      Using a ridge reamer, remove all the carbon from the top of the cylinder.

    2. Push the piston, connecting rod assembly and upper bearing through the top of the cylinder block.

      Tech Tips


      • Keep the bearing, connecting rod and cap together.

      • Arrange the piston and connecting rod assemblies in the correct order.

  74. REMOVE CONNECTING ROD BEARING


    1. Remove the connecting rod bearings from the connecting rods and connecting rod caps.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  75. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT THRUST CLEARANCE


    1. A01BFJP

      Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while prying the crankshaft back and forth with a screwdriver.

      Standard thrust clearance
      0.02 to 0.22 mm (0.000787 to 0.00866 in.)
      Maximum thrust clearance
      0.30 mm (0.0118 in.)

      If the thrust clearance is more than the maximum, replace the thrust washers as a set. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      Thrust washer thickness
      2.440 to 2.490 mm (0.0961 to 0.0980 in.)
  76. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT


    1. Uniformly loosen the 10 bearing cap bolts in several steps in the sequence shown in the illustration.

    2. A01BFX0E03

      Remove the 10 bearing cap bolts, 5 bearing caps, 5 lower bearings and 2 lower thrust washers.

      Tech Tips


      • Keep the lower bearings and crankshaft bearing caps together.

      • Arrange the thrust washers in the correct order.

    3. Lift out the crankshaft to remove it.

    4. A01BH3Q

      Remove the upper thrust washers from the cylinder block.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the main bearing caps, bearings and thrust washers in the correct order.

  77. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT BEARING


    1. Remove the crankshaft bearings from the cylinder block and bearing caps.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  78. REMOVE PISTON RING SET


    1. A01BFM4E01

      Using a piston ring expander, remove the 2 compression rings.

    2. Using a piston ring expander, remove the oil ring rail.

    3. Remove the oil ring expander by hand.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the piston rings in the correct order.

  79. REMOVE CYLINDER BLOCK WATER DRAIN COCK SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Remove the water drain cock sub-assembly from the cylinder block.

    2. Remove the water drain cock plug from the water drain cock sub-assembly.

  80. REMOVE PISTON WITH PIN SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Check the fitting condition between the piston and piston pin.


      1. Try to move the piston back and forth on the piston pin.

        If any movement is felt, replace the piston and pin as a set.

    2. Disconnect the connecting rod from the piston.


      1. A01BFNBE07
        Text in Illustration
        *1 Snap Ring

        Using a screwdriver, pry off the 2 snap rings from the piston.

      2. Gradually heat the piston to approximately 80 to 90°C (176 to 194°F).

      3. A01BG0Y

        Using a brass bar and plastic-faced hammer, lightly tap out the piston pin and remove the connecting rod.

        Tech Tips


        • The piston and pin are a matched set.

        • Arrange the pistons, pins, rings, connecting rods and bearings in the correct order.

  81. CLEAN PISTON WITH PIN SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Using a gasket scraper, remove the carbon from the piston top.

    2. Using a groove cleaning tool or broken ring, clean the piston ring grooves.

    3. Using solvent and a brush, thoroughly clean the piston.

      Note

      Do not use a wire brush.

  82. REMOVE NO. 1 OIL NOZZLE SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BHU0E02

      Using a 5 mm hexagon wrench, remove the 4 No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assemblies.

  83. INSPECT NO. 1 OIL NOZZLE SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A01BFBL

      Push the check valve with a pin to check if it is stuck.

      Text in Illustration
      A01BAZL Push

      If the check valve is stuck, replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

    2. Push the check valve with a pin to check if it moves smoothly.

      If the check valve does not move smoothly, clean or replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

    3. A01BBPAE01

      Blow air into A. Check that air does not leak from B.

      Text in Illustration
      A01BAZL Air

      If air leaks, clean or replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

    4. A01BCAOE01

      Push the check valve while blowing air into A. Check that air passes through B.

      Text in Illustration
      A01BAZL Air
      A01BE9I Push

      If air does not pass through B, clean or replace the No. 1 oil nozzle sub-assembly.

  84. INSPECT CYLINDER BLOCK FOR WARPAGE


    1. A01BE0NE01

      Using a precision straightedge and feeler gauge, measure the warpage of the contact surface of the cylinder head gasket.

      Maximum warpage
      0.05 mm (0.00197 in.)

      If the warpage is more than the maximum, replace the cylinder block.

    2. Visually check the cylinder for vertical scratches.

      If deep scratches are present, rebore all 4 cylinders. If necessary, replace the cylinder block.

  85. INSPECT CYLINDER BORE


    1. A01BDNVE06
      Text in Illustration
      *a Thrust Direction
      *b Axial Direction
      A01BAZL Front

      Using a cylinder gauge, measure the cylinder bore diameter at position A, B and C in the thrust and axial directions.

      Reference value (new parts)
      85.990 to 86.003 mm (3.3854 to 3.3859 in.)
    2. A01BEJJE09
      Text in Illustration
      *a Ridge Reamer

      Inspect the cylinder ridge.

      If the wear is less than 0.2 mm (0.00787 in.), using a ridge reamer, grind the top of the cylinder.

  86. CLEAN CYLINDER BLOCK


    1. Using a gasket scraper, remove all the gasket material from the top surface of the cylinder block.

    2. Using a soft brush and solvent, thoroughly clean the cylinder block.

  87. INSPECT PISTON DIAMETER


    1. A01BDWOE10
      Text in Illustration
      *a Distance

      Using a micrometer, measure the piston diameter at right angles to the piston center line where the distance from the piston end is as specified.

      Distance
      11.4 mm (0.449 in.)
      Reference value (new parts)
      85.951 to 85.986 mm (3.3839 to 3.3853 in.)
  88. INSPECT PISTON OIL CLEARANCE


    1. Measure the cylinder bore diameter in the thrust direction (See step 85).

    2. Subtract the piston diameter measurement from the cylinder bore diameter measurement.

      Reference value (new parts)
      0.004 to 0.052 mm (0.000157 to 0.00205 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the standard, replace all the pistons and rebore all the cylinders. If necessary, replace the cylinder block.

      Tech Tips


      • Bore all the cylinders for the O/S piston outside diameter.

      • Replace all the piston rings with ones to match the O/S pistons.

    3. If the oil clearance is more than the standard:


      1. Prepare 4 new O/S pistons.

        O/S 0.50 piston diameter
        86.451 to 86.486 mm (3.4036 to 3.4050 in.)
      2. Using a micrometer, measure the piston diameter at right angles to the piston center line where the distance from the piston end is as specified.

        Distance
        11.4 mm (0.449 in.)
      3. Calculate the amount each cylinder is to be rebored as follows:

        Size to be rebored = P + C - H
        P Piston diameter
        C Piston clearance: 0.019 to 0.052 mm (0.000748 to 0.00205 in.)
        H Allowance for honing: 0.02 mm (0.000787 in.) or less
      4. Bore and hone the cylinders to calculated dimensions.

        Maximum honing
        0.02 mm (0.000787 in.)

        Note

        Excess honing will destroy the finished roundness.

  89. INSPECT RING GROOVE CLEARANCE


    1. Using a feeler gauge, measure the clearance between a new piston ring and the wall of the ring groove.

      Standard Ring Groove Clearance
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 compression ring 0.020 to 0.075 mm (0.000787 to 0.00295 in.)
      No. 2 compression ring 0.020 to 0.065 mm (0.000787 to 0.00256 in.)
      Oil ring 0.020 to 0.070 mm (0.000787 to 0.00276 in.)

      If the groove clearance is not as specified, replace the piston with pin.

  90. INSPECT PISTON RING END GAP


    1. Insert the piston ring into the cylinder bore.

    2. Using a piston, push the piston ring a little beyond the bottom of the ring travel, 110 mm (4.33 in.) from the top of the cylinder block.

    3. Using a feeler gauge, measure the end gap.

      Standard End Gap
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 compression ring 0.22 to 0.34 mm (0.00866 to 0.0134 in.)
      No. 2 compression ring 0.45 to 0.57 mm (0.0177 to 0.0224 in.)
      Oil ring 0.10 to 0.40 mm (0.00394 to 0.0157 in.)
      Maximum End Gap
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 1 compression ring 0.90 mm (0.0354 in.)
      No. 2 compression ring 1.36 mm (0.0535 in.)
      Oil ring 0.75 mm (0.0295 in.)

      If the end gap is more than the maximum, replace the piston ring. If the end gap is less than the standard, even with a new piston ring, rebore all 4 cylinders or replace the cylinder block.

  91. INSPECT PISTON PIN OIL CLEARANCE

    Tech Tips

    There is only 1 type of supply part for piston with pin sub-assembly.


    1. A01BC2BE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Front Mark
      *b Piston Pin Hole Inside Diameter Mark

      Using a caliper gauge, measure the inside diameter of the piston pin hole.

      Standard Piston Pin Hole Inside Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      A 22.001 to 22.004 mm (0.86618 to 0.86630 in.)
      B 22.005 to 22.007 mm (0.86634 to 0.86642 in.)
      C 22.008 to 22.010 mm (0.86645 to 0.86653 in.)
    2. A01BD15E02
      Text in Illustration
      *a Piston Pin Hole Inside Diameter Mark

      Using a micrometer, measure the piston pin diameter.

      Measurement Position
      Measurement Position Piston Pin Position
      a 28 mm (1.10 in.)
      b 5.0 mm (0.197 in.)
      Standard Piston Pin Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      A 21.997 to 22.000 mm (0.86602 to 0.86614 in.)
      B 22.001 to 22.003 mm (0.86618 to 0.86626 in.)
      C 22.004 to 22.006 mm (0.86630 to 0.86638 in.)
    3. Subtract the piston pin diameter measurement from the piston pin hole diameter measurement.

      Standard oil clearance
      0.001 to 0.007 mm (0.0000394 to 0.000276 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.010 mm (0.000394 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the piston and piston pin as a set.

    4. A01BGAJE10
      Text in Illustration
      *a Connecting Rod Bush Inside Diameter Mark
      *b Front Mark

      Using a caliper gauge, measure the inside diameter of the connecting rod bush.

      Standard Bush Inside Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      A 22.005 to 22.008 mm (0.86634 to 0.86645 in.)
      B 22.009 to 22.011 mm (0.86649 to 0.86657 in.)
      C 22.012 to 22.014 mm (0.86661 to 0.86669 in.)

      If the diameter is not as specified, replace the connecting rod small end bush.

    5. Subtract the piston pin diameter measurement from the bush inside diameter measurement.

      Standard oil clearance
      0.001 to 0.007 mm (0.0000394 to 0.000276 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.010 mm (0.000394 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod small end bush. If necessary, replace the connecting rod and piston pin as a set.

  92. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. Using a rod aligner and feeler gauge, check the connecting rod alignment.


      1. A01BAFHE01

        Check for bend.

        Maximum bend
        0.03 mm (0.00118 in.) per 100 mm (3.94 in.)

        If the bend is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod sub-assembly.

      2. A01BBO8E01

        Check for twist.

        Maximum twist
        0.15 mm (0.00591 in.) per 100 mm (3.94 in.)

        If the twist is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod sub-assembly.

  93. REMOVE CONNECTING ROD SMALL END BUSH


    1. A01BAS9E04

      Using SST and a press, press out the bush.

      SST
      09222-30010
  94. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD BOLT


    1. A01BFNYE03
      Text in Illustration
      *a Tension Portion

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the tension portion diameter of the bolt.

      Standard diameter
      7.2 to 7.3 mm (0.283 to 0.287 in.)
      Minimum diameter
      7.0 mm (0.276 in.)

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the connecting rod bolt.

  95. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT


    1. Inspect the circle runout.


      1. Place the crankshaft on V-blocks.

      2. Using a dial indicator, measure the circle runout at the center journal.

        Maximum circle runout
        0.03 mm (0.00118 in.)

        If the circle runout is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft.

    2. Inspect the main journals.


      1. A01BH8H

        Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of each main journal.

        Standard Journal Diameter
        Item Specified Condition
        No. 3 journal 59.981 to 59.994 mm (2.361 to 2.362 in.)
        Except No. 3 journal 59.987 to 60.000 mm (2.3617 to 2.3622 in.)

        If the diameter is not as specified, check the oil clearance. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      2. Check each main journal for taper and out-of- round as shown in the illustration.

        Maximum taper and out-of-round
        0.005 mm (0.000197 in.)

        If the taper and out-of-round is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft.

    3. Inspect the crank pins.


      1. A01BFVH

        Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of each crank pin.

        Standard diameter
        52.989 to 53.002 mm (2.086 to 2.087 in.)

        If the diameter is not as specified, check the oil clearance. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      2. Check each crank pin for taper and out-of-round as shown in the illustration.

        Maximum taper and out-of-round
        0.003 mm (0.000118 in.)

        If the taper and out-of-round is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft.

  96. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT OIL CLEARANCE

    Tech Tips


    • Keep the lower bearings and crankshaft bearing caps together.

    • Arrange the thrust washers in the correct order.

    • Keep the upper crankshaft bearings and upper thrust washers together with the cylinder block.


    1. Clean each main journal and bearing.

    2. Check each main journal and bearing for pitting and scratches.

      If the journal or bearing is damaged, replace the bearing.

    3. Place the crankshaft on the cylinder block.

    4. A01BFRIE04
      Text in Illustration
      *a Plastigage

      Lay a strip of Plastigage across each journal.

    5. Install the 5 crankshaft bearing caps with the 10 bolts Click here.

      Note

      Do not turn the crankshaft.

    6. Remove the 10 bolts and 5 crankshaft bearing caps (refer to the steps above).

    7. Measure the Plastigage at its widest point.

      A01BEX6E02
      Text in Illustration
      *a Plastigage *b No. 1 Journal
      *c No. 2 Journal *d No. 3 Journal
      *e No. 4 Journal *f No. 5 Journal
      *g Mark 1, 2 or 3 - -
      Standard Oil Clearance
      Item Specified Condition
      No. 3 journal 0.030 to 0.055 mm (0.00118 to 0.00217 in.)
      Other journals 0.024 to 0.049 mm (0.000945 to 0.00193 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.10 mm (0.00394 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the crankshaft bearing.

      If replacing the cylinder block, measure the bearing standard clearance.

      If replacing a bearing, first check the number on the cylinder block for the bearing's respective journal. Then replace the bearing with one that has the same number. Each bearing's standard thickness is indicated by a 1, 2 or 3 mark on its surface.

      Cylinder Block Main Journal Bore Diameter
      Item Specified Condition
      Mark 1 64.004 to 64.010 mm (2.51984 to 2.52007 in.)
      Mark 2 64.011 to 64.016 mm (2.52011 to 2.52031 in.)
      Mark 3 64.017 to 64.022 mm (2.52035 to 2.52055 in.)
      Standard Bearing Center Wall Thickness
      Item Specified Condition
      Mark 1 1.987 to 1.990 mm (0.07823 to 0.07835 in.)
      Mark 2 1.991 to 1.993 mm (0.07839 to 0.07846 in.)
      Mark 3 1.994 to 1.996 mm (0.07850 to 0.07858 in.)
    8. Completely remove the Plastigage.

  97. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT BEARING CAP SET BOLT


    1. A01BG51E06
      Text in Illustration
      *a Distance
      *b Measuring Area

      Using a vernier caliper, measure the diameter of the most elongated threads in the measuring area.

      Distance
      64 mm (2.52 in.)
      Standard diameter
      10.76 to 10.97 mm (0.424 to 0.432 in.)
      Minimum diameter
      10.66 mm (0.420 in.)

      If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the crankshaft bearing cap bolt.

  98. REMOVE NO. 2 HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG

    Tech Tips

    If coolant leaks from the No. 2 head straight screw plug or the plug is corroded, replace it.

  99. REMOVE NO. 1 HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG

    Tech Tips

    If coolant leaks from a No. 1 head straight screw plug or a plug is corroded, replace it.

  100. REMOVE RING PIN

    Tech Tips

    It is not necessary to remove a ring pin unless it is being replaced.

  101. REMOVE STRAIGHT PIN

    Tech Tips

    It is not necessary to remove a straight pin unless it is being replaced.

  102. REMOVE STUD BOLT

    Tech Tips

    If a stud bolt is deformed or its threads are damaged, replace it.

  103. REMOVE TIGHT PLUG

    Tech Tips

    If coolant leaks from a tight plug or a plug is corroded, replace it.