VEHICLE STABILITY CONTROL SYSTEM TEST MODE PROCEDURE


  1. WARNING LIGHT AND INDICATOR LIGHT INITIAL CHECK


    1. Release the parking brake.

      Note

      Before releasing the parking brake, move the shift lever to the P position for safety.

      Tech Tips

      When the parking brake is applied or the level of the brake fluid is low, the brake warning light comes on.

    2. A017EJYE01

      When the ignition switch is turned on (IG), check that the ABS warning, brake warning, VSC OFF indicator, slip indicator and downhill assist control indicator (for 4WD) lights come on for approximately 3 seconds.

      Tech Tips


      • If the skid control ECU stores any DTCs, the ABS warning, brake warning, slip indicator and downhill assist control indicator (for 4WD) lights will come on and the VSC OFF indicator light will blink.

      • For vehicles with the multi-information display, the master caution indicator light will come on and a warning message will be displayed on the multi-information display if any of the EBD system, BA system, or TRC system is malfunctioning or if the ABS control or VSC cannot be performed.

      • If any of the indicators remains on or does not come on, proceed to troubleshooting for the light circuits listed below.

      Trouble Area See procedure
      ABS warning light circuit (Remains on)

      Click here

      ABS warning light circuit (Does not come on)

      Click here

      Brake warning light circuit (Remains on)

      Click here

      Brake warning light circuit (Does not come on)

      Click here

      VSC OFF indicator light circuit (Remains on)

      Click here

      VSC OFF indicator light circuit (Does not come on)

      Click here

      Slip indicator light circuit (Remains on)

      Click here

      Slip indicator light circuit (Does not come on)

      Click here

      Downhill assist control indicator light circuit (Remains on)

      Click here

      Downhill assist control indicator light circuit (Does not come on)

      Click here

  2. SENSOR CHECK USING TEST MODE (SIGNAL CHECK) (When Using Intelligent Tester)

    Note

    After replacement of the brake actuator assembly and/or yaw rate and acceleration sensor, perform zero point calibration of the yaw rate and acceleration sensor.

    Tech Tips


    • If the ignition switch is turned from on (IG) to on (ACC) or off during Test Mode (signal check), DTCs recorded during the sensor check will be erased.

    • During Test Mode (signal check), the skid control ECU records all DTCs detected in the sensor check. By performing Test Mode (signal check), the codes are erased if a normal condition is confirmed. The remaining codes are the codes where an abnormality was found.


    1. Procedure to enter Test Mode


      1. Turn the ignition switch off.

      2. Check that the steering wheel is in the straight-ahead position.

      3. Check that the shift lever is in the P position.

      4. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

      5. Turn the ignition switch on (IG).

      6. Turn the intelligent tester on.

      7. Switch the skid control ECU to Test Mode using the intelligent tester. Enter the following menus: Chassis / ABS/VSC/TRC / Signal Check.

      8. A017DWOE80

        Check that the ABS warning and VSC OFF indicator lights come on for several seconds and then blink in Test Mode.

        Tech Tips

        If the ABS warning and VSC OFF indicator lights do not blink, inspect the TS and CG terminal circuit and ABS warning and VSC OFF indicator light circuits.

      9. A017DWOE75

        Check the ABS sensors.

        Tech Tips

        Check that the ABS warning light is blinking in the Test Mode blinking pattern before performing the ABS sensor check.

    2. Lost Booster Pressure Judgement Check and Master Cylinder Pressure Sensor Zero Point Calibration

      Note

      Preform the check in the lost booster pressure state (negative pressure in the booster is depressurized).


      1. Turn the ignition switch on (IG).

      2. Check that the brake warning light comes on when depressing the brake pedal with a force greater than 59 N (6 kgf, 13.2 lbf) for 1 second or more. (The lost booster pressure state is judged as normal.)

      3. Start the engine depressing the brake pedal with a force greater than 59 N (6 kgf, 13.2 lbf) for 1 second or more.

      4. Check that the brake warning light goes off when quickly releasing the brake pedal. (The lost booster pressure state is judged as normal.)

      5. Leave the vehicle for 1 second or more. (Master cylinder pressure sensor zero point calibration)

        Note


        • If you slowly depress the brake pedal or depress it again, master cylinder pressure sensor zero point calibration is not performed normally.

        • If the lost booster pressure judgement check results are not normal, then the master cylinder pressure sensor check will not be able to be performed.

        • If recheck is performed after the engine has started, end Test Mode, transit to Test Mode again, and release vacuum in the booster by pumping the brake pedal prior to the recheck.

    3. Acceleration Sensor Check


      1. Keep the vehicle stationary on a level surface for 1 second or more.

        Tech Tips

        The acceleration sensor check can be performed with the master cylinder pressure sensor check below.

    4. Master Cylinder Pressure Sensor Check


      1. Leave the vehicle in a stationary condition and release the brake pedal for 1 second or more, and quickly and continuously depress the brake pedal with a force greater than 98 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf) for 1 second.

      2. Check that the ABS warning light stays on for 3 seconds.

        Tech Tips


        • Confirm that the ABS warning light comes on.

        • While the ABS warning light stays on, continue to depress the brake pedal with a force of 98 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf) or more.

        • The ABS warning light comes on for 3 seconds every time brake pedal operation above is performed.

        • If the master cylinder pressure sensor check is not completed, depressing the brake pedal causes further decreases in vacuum in the brake booster, making the sensor check difficult to complete.

        • If the vacuum is insufficient, the master cylinder pressure sensor check may not be completed. In this case, run the engine at idle to obtain sufficient vacuum.

        • If the brake pedal is strongly depressed when the vacuum is insufficient, the brake warning light may come on in accordance with the booster pressure control. In this case, run the engine at idle to obtain sufficient vacuum.

    5. Speed Sensor Check


      1. Drive the vehicle straight-ahead.

        Accelerate the vehicle to a speed of 45 km/h (28 mph) or more for several seconds and check that the ABS warning light goes off.

        Tech Tips


        • The sensor check may not be completed if wheelspin occurs.

        • The ABS warning light blinks when the sensor check has been completed and the brake pedal is depressed.

        • The ABS warning light comes on immediately if a malfunction is detected during the speed sensor check.

      2. Stop the vehicle.

        Note


        • Before performing the speed sensor check, complete the acceleration sensor and master cylinder pressure sensor checks.

        • The speed sensor check may not be completed if the speed sensor check is started while turning the steering wheel or spinning the wheels.

        • After the ABS warning light goes off, if vehicle speed exceeds 80 km/h (50 mph), a sensor check code will be stored again. Decelerate or stop the vehicle before the speed reaches 80 km/h (50 mph).

        • If the sensor check has not been completed, the ABS warning light will blink while driving and the ABS will not operate.

        Tech Tips

        When the sensor check has been completed, the ABS warning light goes off while driving and blinks in the Test Mode pattern while the vehicle is stationary.

      3. A017DWOE80

        Check the VSC sensor.

        Tech Tips

        Check that the VSC OFF indicator light is blinking in the Test Mode blinking pattern before performing the VSC sensor check.

    6. Yaw Rate Sensor Check


      1. Keep the vehicle in a stationary condition on a level surface for 1 second or more.

      2. A017DX6E03

        Move the shift lever from the P position to the D position and drive the vehicle at a speed of approximately 5 km/h (3 mph), and turn the steering wheel either to the left or right 90° or more until the vehicle makes a 180° turn.

      3. Stop the vehicle and move the shift lever to the P position. Check that the skid control buzzer sounds for 3 seconds.

        Tech Tips


        • If the skid control buzzer sounds, the sensor check has completed normally.

        • If the skid control buzzer does not sound, check the skid control buzzer circuit Click here, then perform the sensor check again.

        • If the skid control buzzer still does not sound, the yaw rate sensor may be malfunctioning. Check for DTCs.

        • Make a 180° turn. At the end of the turn, the direction of the vehicle should be within 180° +/-5° of its start position.

        • Do not allow the wheels to spin.

        • Do not turn the ignition switch off while turning.

        • Do not move the shift lever to the P position while turning, but changing the vehicle speed, stopping, or driving in reverse is acceptable.

        • Complete the turn within 20 seconds.

    7. Downhill Assist Control Switch Check (for 4WD)


      1. Push the downhill assist control switch on.

        Check that the downhill assist control indicator light blinks.

      2. Push the downhill assist control switch off.

        Check that the downhill assist control indicator light goes off.

    8. End of Sensor Check


      1. A017DWOE75

        If the sensor check is completed, the ABS warning light blinks (Test Mode) when the vehicle is stopped and goes off while the vehicle is driving.

        Note


        • When the yaw rate sensor, downhill assist control switch (for 4WD), acceleration sensor, speed sensor, and master cylinder pressure sensor checks are completed, the sensor check is completed.

        • If the sensor check is not completed, the ABS warning light will blink even while the vehicle is driving and the ABS will not operate.

    9. Read Sensor Check DTCs


      1. Read the DTC(s) by following the tester screen.

        Note


        • If only DTCs other than Test Mode sensor check DTCs are displayed, repair the malfunctions and clear the DTCs.

        • If Test Mode sensor check DTCs and other DTCs are displayed or if only Test Mode sensor check DTCs are displayed, repair the malfunctions, clear the DTCs, and perform Test Mode inspection again.

        Tech Tips

        See "Sensor Check DTCs".

      2. Turn the ignition switch off and disconnect the intelligent tester.

    10. Sensor Check DTCs

      ABS sensor:
      DTC Code Detection Item Trouble Area
      C1271 Low Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor RH
      • Front speed sensor RH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      C1272 Low Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor LH
      • Front speed sensor LH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      C1273 Low Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor RH
      • Rear speed sensor RH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      C1274 Low Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor LH
      • Rear speed sensor LH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      C1275 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor RH Speed sensor rotor
      C1276 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor LH Speed sensor rotor
      C1277 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor RH Speed sensor rotor
      C1278 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor LH Speed sensor rotor
      C1279 Acceleration Sensor Output Voltage Malfunction
      • Sensor installation

      • Yaw rate and acceleration sensor

      C1281 Master Cylinder Pressure Sensor Output Malfunction
      • Stop light switch

      • Brake pedal load sensing switch

      • Master cylinder pressure sensor

      VSC sensor:
      DTC Code Detection Item Trouble Area
      C0371 Yaw Rate Sensor Yaw rate and acceleration sensor
      C1379 (*1) Downhill Assist Control Switch Malfunction Downhill assist control switch

      (*1): for 4WD

      Tech Tips

      The codes in this table are output only in Test Mode (signal check).

  3. SENSOR CHECK USING TEST MODE (SIGNAL CHECK) (When not Using Intelligent Tester)

    Note

    After replacement of the brake actuator assembly and/or yaw rate and acceleration sensor, perform zero point calibration of the yaw rate and acceleration sensor.

    Tech Tips


    • If the ignition switch is turned from on (IG) to on (ACC) or off during Test Mode (signal check), DTCs recorded during the sensor check will be erased.

    • During Test Mode (signal check), the skid control ECU records all DTCs detected in the sensor check. By performing Test Mode (signal check), the codes are erased if a normal condition is confirmed. The remaining codes are the codes where an abnormality was found.


    1. Procedure to enter Test Mode


      1. Turn the ignition switch off.

      2. Check that the steering wheel is in the straight-ahead position.

      3. Check that the shift lever is in the P position.

      4. A017E0TE45

        Using SST, connect terminals TS and CG of the DLC3.

        SST
        09843-18040
      5. Turn the ignition switch on (IG).

      6. A017DWOE80

        Check that the ABS warning and VSC OFF indicator lights come on for several seconds and then blink in Test Mode.

        Tech Tips

        If the ABS warning and VSC OFF indicator lights do not blink, inspect the TS and CG terminal circuit and ABS warning and VSC OFF indicator light circuits.

      7. A017DWOE75

        Check the ABS sensors.

        Tech Tips

        Check that the ABS warning light is blinking in the Test Mode blinking pattern before performing the ABS sensor check.

    2. Lost Booster Pressure Judgement Check and Master Cylinder Pressure Sensor Zero Point Calibration

      Note

      Preform the check in the lost booster pressure state (negative pressure in the booster is depressurized).


      1. Turn the ignition switch on (IG).

      2. Check that the brake warning light comes on when depressing the brake pedal with a force greater than 59 N (6 kgf, 13.2 lbf) for 1 second or more. (The lost booster pressure state is judged as normal.)

      3. Start the engine depressing the brake pedal with a force greater than 59 N (6 kgf, 13.2 lbf) for 1 second or more.

      4. Check that the brake warning light goes off when quickly releasing the brake pedal. (The lost booster pressure state is judged as normal.)

      5. Leave the vehicle for 1 second or more. (Master cylinder pressure sensor zero point calibration)

        Note


        • If you slowly depress the brake pedal or depress it again, master cylinder pressure sensor zero point calibration is not performed normally.

        • If the lost booster pressure judgement check results are not normal, then the master cylinder pressure sensor check will not be able to be performed.

        • If recheck is performed after the engine has started, end Test Mode, transit to Test Mode again, and release vacuum in the booster by pumping the brake pedal prior to the recheck.

    3. Acceleration Sensor Check


      1. Keep the vehicle stationary on a level surface for 1 second or more.

        Tech Tips

        The acceleration sensor check can be performed with the master cylinder pressure sensor check below.

    4. Master Cylinder Pressure Sensor Check


      1. Leave the vehicle in a stationary condition and release the brake pedal for 1 second or more, and quickly and continuously depress the brake pedal with a force greater than 98 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf) for 1 second.

      2. Check that the ABS warning light stays on for 3 seconds.

        Tech Tips


        • Confirm that the ABS warning light comes on.

        • While the ABS warning light stays on, continue to depress the brake pedal with a force of 98 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf) or more.

        • The ABS warning light comes on for 3 seconds every time brake pedal operation above is performed.

        • If the master cylinder pressure sensor check is not completed, depressing the brake pedal causes further decreases in vacuum in the brake booster, making the sensor check difficult to complete.

        • If the vacuum is insufficient, the master cylinder pressure sensor check may not be completed. In this case, run the engine at idle to obtain sufficient vacuum.

        • If the brake pedal is strongly depressed when the vacuum is insufficient, the brake warning light may come on in accordance with the booster pressure control. In this case, run the engine at idle to obtain sufficient vacuum.

    5. Speed Sensor Check


      1. Drive the vehicle straight-ahead.

        Accelerate the vehicle to a speed of 45 km/h (28 mph) or more for several seconds and check that the ABS warning light goes off.

        Tech Tips


        • The sensor check may not be completed if wheelspin occurs.

        • The ABS warning light blinks when the sensor check has been completed and the brake pedal is depressed.

        • The ABS warning light comes on immediately if a malfunction is detected during the speed sensor check.

      2. Stop the vehicle.

        Note


        • Before performing the speed sensor check, complete the acceleration sensor and master cylinder pressure sensor checks.

        • The speed sensor check may not be completed if the speed sensor check is started while turning the steering wheel or spinning the wheels.

        • After the ABS warning light goes off, if vehicle speed exceeds 80 km/h (50 mph), a sensor check code will be stored again. Decelerate or stop the vehicle before the speed reaches 80 km/h (50 mph).

        • If the sensor check has not been completed, the ABS warning light will blink while driving and the ABS will not operate.

        Tech Tips

        When the sensor check has been completed, the ABS warning light goes off while driving and blinks in the Test Mode pattern while the vehicle is stationary.

      3. A017DWOE80

        Check the VSC sensor.

        Tech Tips

        Check that the VSC OFF indicator light is blinking in the Test Mode blinking pattern before performing the VSC sensor check.

    6. Yaw Rate Sensor Check


      1. Keep the vehicle in a stationary condition on a level surface for 1 second or more.

      2. A017DX6E03

        Move the shift lever from the P position to the D position and drive the vehicle at a speed of approximately 5 km/h (3 mph), and turn the steering wheel either to the left or right 90° or more until the vehicle makes a 180° turn.

      3. Stop the vehicle and move the shift lever to the P position. Check that the skid control buzzer sounds for 3 seconds.

        Tech Tips


        • If the skid control buzzer sounds, the sensor check has completed normally.

        • If the skid control buzzer does not sound, check the skid control buzzer circuit Click here, then perform the sensor check again.

        • If the skid control buzzer still does not sound, the yaw rate sensor may be malfunctioning. Check for DTCs.

        • Make a 180° turn. At the end of the turn, the direction of the vehicle should be within 180° +/-5° of its start position.

        • Do not allow the wheels to spin.

        • Do not turn the ignition switch off while turning.

        • Do not move the shift lever to the P position while turning, but changing the vehicle speed, stopping, or driving in reverse is acceptable.

        • Complete the turn within 20 seconds.

    7. Downhill Assist Control Switch Check (for 4WD)


      1. Push the downhill assist control switch on.

        Check that the downhill assist control indicator light blinks.

      2. Push the downhill assist control switch off.

        Check that the downhill assist control indicator light goes off.

    8. End of Sensor Check


      1. A017DWOE75

        If the sensor check is completed, the ABS warning light blinks (Test Mode) when the vehicle is stopped and goes off while the vehicle is driving.

        Note


        • When the yaw rate sensor, downhill assist control switch (for 4WD), acceleration sensor, speed sensor, and master cylinder pressure sensor checks are completed, the sensor check is completed.

        • If the sensor check is not completed, the ABS warning light will blink even while the vehicle is driving and the ABS will not operate.

    9. Read Sensor Check DTCs


      1. A017CQTE02

        Using SST, connect terminals TC and CG of the DLC3.

        SST
        09843-18040
      2. Count the number of blinks of the ABS warning and VSC OFF indicator lights.

        A017CWQE01

        Note


        • If only DTCs other than Test Mode sensor check DTCs are displayed, repair the malfunctions and clear the DTCs.

        • If Test Mode sensor check DTCs and other DTCs are displayed or if only Test Mode sensor check DTCs are displayed, repair the malfunctions, clear the DTCs, and perform Test Mode inspection again.

        Tech Tips


        • If more than 1 malfunction is detected at the same time, the lowest numbered code will be displayed first.

        • See "Sensor Check DTCs".

      3. After performing the check, disconnect SST from terminals TS and CG, and TC and CG of the DLC3 and turn the ignition switch off.

      4. Turn the ignition switch on (IG).

        Tech Tips


        • If the ignition switch is not turned on (IG) after SST is removed from the DLC3, the previous Test Mode will continue.

        • If the ignition switch is turned on (IG) with terminals TS and CG connected, the previous Test Mode will continue.

    10. Sensor Check DTCs

      ABS sensor:
      DTC Code Detection Item Trouble Area
      71 Low Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor RH
      • Front speed sensor RH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      72 Low Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor LH
      • Front speed sensor LH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      73 Low Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor RH
      • Rear speed sensor RH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      74 Low Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor LH
      • Rear speed sensor LH

      • Sensor installation

      • Speed sensor rotor

      75 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor RH Speed sensor rotor
      76 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Front Speed Sensor LH Speed sensor rotor
      77 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor RH Speed sensor rotor
      78 Abnormal Change in Output Signal of Rear Speed Sensor LH Speed sensor rotor
      79 Acceleration Sensor Output Voltage Malfunction
      • Sensor installation

      • Yaw rate and acceleration sensor

      81 Master Cylinder Pressure Sensor Output Malfunction
      • Stop light switch

      • Brake pedal load sensing switch

      • Master cylinder pressure sensor

      VSC sensor:
      DTC Code Detection Item Trouble Area
      71 Yaw Rate Sensor Yaw rate and acceleration sensor
      74 (*1) Downhill Assist Control Switch Malfunction Downhill assist control switch

      (*1): for 4WD

      Tech Tips

      The codes in this table are output only in Test Mode (signal check).

  4. VSC OFF SWITCH CHECK


    1. Push the VSC OFF switch on.

    2. Check that the slip indicator light goes off.