The basic construction of the air fuel ratio sensor and oxygen sensor is the same. However, they are divided into the cup type and the planar type, in accordance with the different types of heater construction that are used.
The planar type air fuel ratio sensor uses alumina, which excels in heat conductivity and insulation, to integrate a sensor element with the heater, thus achieving the excellent warm-up performance of the sensor.
The cup type oxygen sensor contains a sensor element that surrounds the heater.
|*A||Planar Type Air Fuel Ratio Sensor||*B||Cup Type Oxygen Sensor|
|*3||Platinum Electrode||*4||Sensor Element (Zirconia)|
As illustrated below, the conventional oxygen sensor is characterized by a sudden change in its output voltage at the threshold of the stoichiometric air fuel ratio (14.7:1). In contrast, the air fuel ratio sensor data is approximately proportionate to the existing air fuel ratio. The air fuel ratio sensor converts the oxygen density to current and sends it to the ECM. As a result, the detection precision of the air fuel ratio has been improved. The air fuel ratio sensor data can be viewed using a Global TechStream (GTS).