WHEN REMOVING,INSTALLING,REPAIRING OR REPLACING PARTS WHEEL ALIGNMENT STANDARD


  1. FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT (for 2WD)


    1. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT (w/o Air Suspension)


      1. Bounce the vehicle at the corners up and down to stabilize the suspension and inspect the vehicle height.

        A003QYZE03

        Note


        • The standard value shown here is a value that is used for adjusting the wheel alignment and does not indicate the height of an actual vehicle.

        • Before inspecting the wheel alignment, adjust the vehicle height to the specified value.

        Tech Tips

        Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension and inspect the vehicle height.

      2. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT (w/ Air Suspension)


        1. Bounce the vehicle at the corners up and down to stabilize the suspension and inspect the vehicle height.

          A003QUJE03
      3. Note


        • The standard value shown here is a value that is used for adjusting the wheel alignment and does not indicate the height of an actual vehicle.

        • Before inspecting the wheel alignment, adjust the vehicle height to the specified value.

        Tech Tips

        Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension and inspect the vehicle height.

      4. INSPECT TOE-IN


        1. A003QZHE03

          Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension and inspect toe-in.

      5. Tech Tips

        If toe-in is not within the specified range, adjust it at the rack ends.

      6. INSPECT WHEEL ANGLE


        1. A003QSGE03
      7. Text in Illustration
        *a Inside
        *b Outside
        A003QT2 Front of Vehicle

      Turn the steering wheel fully to the left and right and measure the turning angle.

      If the right and left inside wheel angles differ from the specified range, check the right and left rack end lengths.

    2. INSPECT CAMBER, CASTER AND STEERING AXIS INCLINATION


      1. A003R2WE30
    3. Text in Illustration
      *1 Alignment Tester
      *2 Camber - Caster - Steering axis inclination Gauge

Put the front wheels on the center of the alignment tester.

  • Remove the center ornament.

  • Install the camber-caster-steering axis inclination gauge at the center of the axle hub or drive shaft.

  • Inspect the camber, caster and steering axis inclination.

    Note


    • Inspect while the vehicle is empty.

    • The maximum tolerance of right and left difference for the camber is 30' or less.

    • The maximum tolerance of right and left difference for the caster is 45' or less.

  • Remove the camber-caster-steering axis inclination gauge and attachment.

  • Install the center ornament.

    If the caster and steering axis inclination are not within the specified values, after the camber has been correctly adjusted, recheck the suspension parts for damaged and/or worn out parts.

  • FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT (for AWD)


    1. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT

      A003R09E02

      1. Bounce the vehicle at the corners up and down to stabilize the suspension and inspect the vehicle height.

  • Note


    • The standard value shown here is a value that is used for adjusting the wheel alignment and does not indicate the height of an actual vehicle.

    • Before inspecting the wheel alignment, adjust the vehicle height to the specified value.

    If the vehicle height is not as specified, adjust the height by pressing down on the vehicle several times to stabilize the suspension.

  • INSPECT CAMBER, CASTER AND STEERING AXIS INCLINATION


    1. A003R2WE30
  • Text in Illustration
    *1 Alignment Tester
    *2 Camber - Caster - Steering axis inclination Gauge
  • Put the front wheels on the center of the alignment tester.

  • Remove the center ornament.

  • Install the camber-caster-steering axis inclination gauge at the center of the axle hub or drive shaft.

  • Inspect the camber, caster and steering axis inclination.

    Note


  • Remove the camber-caster-steering axis inclination gauge and attachment.

  • Install the center ornament.

    If the caster and steering axis inclinations are not within the specified values, after the camber has been correctly adjusted, recheck the suspension parts for damaged and/or worn out parts.

  • INSPECT TOE-IN


    1. A003QZHE03

      Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension and inspect toe-in.

  • If toe-in is not within the specified range, adjust it at the rack ends.

  • INSPECT WHEEL ANGLE


    1. A003QSGE03
  • Text in Illustration
    *a Inside
    *b Outside
    A003QT2 Front of Vehicle

    Turn the steering wheel fully to the left and right and measure the turning angle.

    If the right and left inside wheel angles differ from the specified range, check the right and left rack end lengths.

  • REAR WHEEL ALIGNMENT


    1. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT (for 2WD)


      1. Measure the vehicle height for coil suspension.

      2. Measure the vehicle height for air suspension.

    2. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT (for AWD)


      1. Measure the vehicle height.

    3. A003QZHE03

      INSPECT TOE-IN


  • INSPECT CAMBER


    1. A003QRIE14
  • Text in Illustration
    *1 Camber-Caster-Kingpin Gauge

    Install a camber-caster-kingpin gauge or put the wheels on a wheel alignment tester.

  • Inspect the camber.