WHEN REMOVING,INSTALLING,REPAIRING OR REPLACING PARTS WHEEL ALIGNMENT STANDARD


  1. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT

    A004UHJE02

    Note


    • Before inspecting the wheel alignment, adjust the vehicle height to the specified value.

    • Be sure to perform measurement on a level surface.

    • If it is necessary to go under the vehicle for measurement, confirm that the parking brake is applied and the vehicle is secured with chocks.

    • Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.

    • The standard value shown here is a value that is used for performing a wheel alignment and does not indicate the height of an actual vehicle.


    1. Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension.

    2. Measure the vehicle height.


        Measurement Points:

      • A: Ground clearance of front lower No. 1 suspension arm bushing set bolt center


      • B: Ground clearance of rear No. 2 suspension arm set bolt center


      • C: Ground clearance of front wheel center


      • D: Ground clearance of rear wheel center

    3. INSPECT CAMBER, CASTER AND STEERING AXIS INCLINATION (FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT)

      Note

      Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.


      1. A004UENE40
    4. Text in Illustration
      *1 Turning Radius Gauge
      *2 Camber-caster-kingpin Gauge

Install a camber-caster-kingpin gauge and place the front wheels on the center of a turning radius gauge.

  • Inspect the camber, caster and steering axis inclination.

  • INSPECT TOE-IN (FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT)

    Note

    Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.


    1. Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension.

    2. Release the parking brake and move the shift lever to N.

    3. Push the vehicle straight ahead approximately 5 m (16.4 ft.). (Step C)

    4. A004UF5E29
  • Text in Illustration
    *a Tread Center Mark
    *b Dimension B
  • Put tread center marks on the rearmost points of the front wheels and measure the distance between the marks (dimension B).

  • Slowly push the vehicle straight ahead to cause the front wheels to rotate 180° using the front tire valve as a reference point.

    Tech Tips

    Do not allow the wheels to rotate more than 180°. If the wheels rotate more than 180°, perform the procedure from step C again.

  • A004UF3E24
    Text in Illustration
    *a Dimension A
    A004ULK Front of the Vehicle

    Measure the distance between the tread center marks on the front side of the wheels (dimension A).

    Tech Tips

    Measure "B - A" only when "C + D" cannot be measured.

    If the toe-in is not within the specified range, adjust it at the rack ends.

  • INSPECT WHEEL ANGLE (FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT)


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  • Text in Illustration
    *a Inside
    *b Outside
    A004ULK Front of the Vehicle

    Put tread center marks on the rearmost points of a turning radius gauge.

  • Turn the steering wheel fully to the left and right and measure the turning angle.

    Note

    Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.


  • INSPECT CAMBER (REAR WHEEL ALIGNMENT)

    Note

    Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.


    1. A004UP7E19
  • Text in Illustration
    *a Camber-caster-kingpin Gauge

    Install a camber-caster-kingpin gauge.

  • Inspect the camber.

    Tech Tips

    Camber is not adjustable. If the measurement is not within the specified range, inspect the suspension parts for damage and/or wear, and replace them if necessary.

  • INSPECT TOE-IN (REAR WHEEL ALIGNMENT)

    Note

    Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.


    1. Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension.

    2. Release the parking brake and move the shift lever to N.

    3. Push the vehicle straight ahead approximately 5 m (16.4 ft.). (Step A)

    4. A004UF5E04
  • Text in Illustration
    *a Tread Center Mark
    *b Dimension B
    A004ULK Front of the Vehicle

    Put tread center marks on the rearmost points of the rear wheels and measure the distance between the marks (dimension B).

  • Slowly push the vehicle straight ahead to cause the rear wheels to rotate 180° using the rear tire valve as a reference point.

    Tech Tips

    Do not allow the wheels to rotate more than 180°. If the wheels rotate more than 180°, perform the procedure from step A again.

  • A004UF3E04
    Text in Illustration
    *a Dimension A
    A004ULK Front of the Vehicle

    Measure the distance between the tread center marks on the front side of the rear wheels (dimension A).

    Tech Tips

    Measure "B - A" only when "C + D" cannot be measured.

    If the toe-in is not within the specified range, adjust it at the rear No. 1 suspension arms.