WHEN REMOVING,INSTALLING,REPAIRING OR REPLACING PARTS WHEEL ALIGNMENT STANDARD

Note

For vehicles equipped with VSC, if wheel alignment has been adjusted, and if suspension or underbody components have been removed/installed or replaced, be sure to perform the following initialization procedure in order for the system to function normally:

Perform zero point calibration of the yaw rate and acceleration sensor and test mode inspection.


  1. FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT


    1. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT

      Note


      • Before inspecting the wheel alignment, check the vehicle height.

      • Be sure to perform measurement on a level surface.

      • If it is necessary to go under the vehicle for measurement, confirm that the parking brake is applied and the vehicle is secured with chocks.

      • Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.

      • The standard value shown here is a value that is used for adjusting the wheel alignment and does not indicate the height of an actual vehicle.


      1. Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension.

      2. B0040SDE01

        Measure the vehicle height.

        Vehicle Height (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine Front A-B Rear C-D
        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE 92.3 mm (3.63 in.) 27.8 mm (1.09 in.)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE 92.3 mm (3.63 in.) 27.8 mm (1.09 in.)
        2NR-FKE 94.0 mm (3.70 in.) 28.3 mm (1.11 in.)
        1ND-TV 96.7 mm (3.81 in.) 30.3 mm (1.19 in.)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE 94.0 mm (3.70 in.) 28.3 mm (1.11 in.)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE 92.3 mm (3.63 in.) 27.8 mm (1.09 in.)
        2NR-FKE 99.2 mm (3.91 in.) 30.5 mm (1.20 in.)
        1ND-TV 99.6 mm (3.92 in.) 30.7 mm (1.21 in.)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 87.4 mm (3.44 in.) 21.8 mm (0.858 in.)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 87.4 mm (3.44 in.) 21.7 mm (0.854 in.)
        2NR-FKE 87.4 mm (3.44 in.) 21.9 mm (0.862 in.)
        1ND-TV 88.6 mm (3.49 in.) 22.2 mm (0.874 in.)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 67.4 mm (2.65 in.) 1.8 mm (0.0709 in.)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 67.4 mm (2.65 in.) 1.7 mm (0.0669 in.)
        2NR-FKE 67.4 mm (2.65 in.) 1.8 mm (0.0709 in.)
        1ND-TV 68.6 mm (2.70 in.) 2.2 mm (0.0866 in.)
    2. INSPECT CAMBER, CASTER AND STEERING AXIS INCLINATION


      1. B0040TXE34
        Text in Illustration
        *a Turning Radius Gauge
        *b Camber-caster-kingpin Gauge

        Put the front wheel on the center of the turning radius gauge.

      2. Remove the wheel cap.

      3. Install the camber-caster-kingpin gauge at the center of the drive shaft.

      4. Inspect the camber, caster and steering axis inclination.

        Camber Inclination (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine Camber
        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE -0°18' +/- 45' (-0.30° +/- 0.75°)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE -0°18' +/- 45' (-0.30° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE -0°19' +/- 45' (-0.32° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV -0°21' +/- 45' (-0.35° +/- 0.75°)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE -0°19' +/- 45' (-0.25° +/- 0.75°)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE -0°18' +/- 45' (-0.30° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE -0°22' +/- 45' (-0.37° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV -0°22' +/- 45' (-0.37° +/- 0.75°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE -0°15' +/- 45' (-0.25° +/- 0.75°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE -0°15' +/- 45' (-0.25° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE -0°15' +/- 45' (-0.25° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV -0°15' +/- 45' (-0.25° +/- 0.75°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 0°01' +/- 45' (0.02° +/- 0.75°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 0°01' +/- 45' (0.02° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE 0°01' +/- 45' (0.02° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV 0°00' +/- 45' (0.00° +/- 0.75°)
        Caster Inclination (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine Caster
        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE 4°58' +/- 45' (4.97° +/- 0.75°)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE 4°58' +/- 45' (4.97° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE 4°55' +/- 45' (4.92° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV 4°56' +/- 45' (4.93° +/- 0.75°)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE 4°56' +/- 45' (4.93° +/- 0.75°)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE 4°58' +/- 45' (4.97° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE 4°56' +/- 45' (4.93° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV 4°55' +/- 45' (4.92° +/- 0.75°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 4°50' +/- 45' (4.83° +/- 0.75°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 4°51' +/- 45' (4.85° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE 4°49' +/- 45' (4.82° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV 4°48' +/- 45' (4.80° +/- 0.75°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 4°30' +/- 45' (4.50° +/- 0.75°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 4°31' +/- 45' (4.52° +/- 0.75°)
        2NR-FKE 4°30' +/- 45' (4.50° +/- 0.75°)
        1ND-TV 4°28' +/- 45' (4.47° +/- 0.75°)
        Steering Axis Inclination (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine

        Steering Axis Inclination

        (Reference)

        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE 11°15' (11.25°)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE 11°15' (11.25°)
        2NR-FKE 11°17' (11.28°)
        1ND-TV 11°21' (11.35°)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE 11°17' (11.28°)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE 11°15' (11.25°)
        2NR-FKE 11°23' (11.38°)
        1ND-TV 11°24' (11.40°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 11°08' (11.13°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 11°08' (11.13°)
        2NR-FKE 11°08' (11.13°)
        1ND-TV 11°10' (11.17°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 10°40' (10.67°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 10°40' (10.67°)
        2NR-FKE 10°40' (10.67°)
        1ND-TV 10°42' (10.70°)

        If the caster and steering axis inclination are not within the specified values after the camber has been correctly adjusted, recheck the suspension parts for damage and wear.

        Note


        • Inspect while the vehicle is unloaded.

        • The tolerance for the difference between the left and right wheels is 30' (0.5°) or less for both the camber and caster.

      5. Remove the camber-caster-kingpin gauge.

      6. Install the wheel cap.

    3. INSPECT TOE-IN


      1. Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension.

      2. Release the parking brake and move the shift lever to N.

      3. Push the vehicle straight ahead approximately 5 m (16.4 ft.). (Step A)

      4. B0040SGE19
        Text in Illustration
        *a Tread Center Mark
        *b Dimension B
        B0040SN Front of the Vehicle

        Put tread center marks on the rearmost points of the front wheels and measure the distance between the marks (Dimension B).

      5. Slowly push the vehicle straight ahead to cause the front wheels to rotate 180° using the front tire valve as a reference point.

        Note

        Do not allow the wheels to rotate more than 180°. If the wheels rotate more than 180°, perform the procedure from (Step A) again.

      6. B0040SOE07
        Text in Illustration
        *a Dimension A
        B0040SN Front of the Vehicle

        Measure the distance between the tread center marks on the front side of the wheels (Dimension A).

        Toe-in (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine Specified Condition
        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE C + D : 0°08' +/- 11' (0.13° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.5 +/- 2.0 mm (0.059 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE C + D : 0°08' +/- 11' (0.13° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.5 +/- 2.0 mm (0.059 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D : 0°08' +/- 11' (0.13° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.4 +/- 2.0 mm (0.055 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D : 0°07' +/- 11' (0.12° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.2 +/- 2.0 mm (0.047 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE C + D : 0°08' +/- 11' (0.13° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.4 +/- 2.0 mm (0.055 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE C + D : 0°10' +/- 11' (0.17° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.6 +/- 2.0 mm (0.063 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D : 0°06' +/- 12' (0.10° +/- 0.20°)
        B-A: 1.1 +/- 2.0 mm (0.043 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D : 0°06' +/- 11' (0.10° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.1 +/- 2.0 mm (0.043 +/- 0.0787 in.)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE C + D : 0°07' +/- 12' (0.12° +/- 0.20°)
        B-A: 1.3 +/- 2.0 mm (0.051 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE C + D : 0°07' +/- 12' (0.12° +/- 0.20°)
        B-A: 1.3 +/- 2.0 mm (0.051 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D : 0°07' +/- 12' (0.12° +/- 0.20°)
        B-A: 1.3 +/- 2.0 mm (0.051 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D : 0°07' +/- 11' (0.12° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.2 +/- 2.0 mm (0.047 +/- 0.0787 in.)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE C + D : 0°08' +/- 12' (0.13° +/- 0.20°)
        B-A: 1.3 +/- 2.0 mm (0.051 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE C + D : 0°08' +/- 11' (0.13° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.4 +/- 2.0 mm (0.055 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D : 0°08' +/- 11' (0.13° +/- 0.18°)
        B-A: 1.4 +/- 2.0 mm (0.055 +/- 0.0787 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D : 0°07' +/- 12' (0.12° +/- 0.20°)
        B-A: 1.3 +/- 2.0 mm (0.051 +/- 0.0787 in.)

        Tech Tips

        Measure "B - A" only when "C + D" cannot be measured.

        If the toe-in is not within the specified value, adjust it at the rack ends.

    4. INSPECT WHEEL TURNING ANGLE


      1. B0040S0E12
        Text in Illustration
        *a Inside
        *b Outside
        B0040SN Front of the Vehicle

        Fully turn the steering wheel left and right, and measure the wheel turning angle.

        Wheel Turning Angle (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine Inside Wheel Outside Wheel
        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE 40°01 ' +/- 2° (40.02° +/- 2°) 34°39' (34.65°)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE 40°01 ' +/- 2° (40.02° +/- 2°) 34°39' (34.65°)
        2NR-FKE 39°59 ' +/- 2° (39.98° +/- 2°) 34°37' (34.62°)
        1ND-TV 39°56 ' +/- 2° (39.93° +/- 2°) 34°33' (34.55°)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE 39°59 ' +/- 2° (39.98° +/- 2°) 34°37' (34.62°)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE 32°34 ' +/- 2° (32.57° +/- 2°) 29°37' (29.62°)
        2NR-FKE 32°27 ' +/- 2° (32.45° +/- 2°) 29°28' (29.47°)
        1ND-TV 32°27 ' +/- 2° (32.45° +/- 2°) 29°27' (29.45°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 40°07 ' +/- 2° (40.12° +/- 2°) 34°46' (34.77°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 40°07 ' +/- 2° (40.12° +/- 2°) 34°46' (34.77°)
        2NR-FKE 40°07 ' +/- 2° (40.12° +/- 2°) 34°46' (34.77°)
        1ND-TV 40°06 ' +/- 2° (40.10° +/- 2°) 34°44' (34.73°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE 40°35 ' +/- 2° (40.58° +/- 2°) 35°15' (35.25°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE 40°35 ' +/- 2° (40.58° +/- 2°) 35°15' (35.25°)
        2NR-FKE 40°35 ' +/- 2° (40.58° +/- 2°) 35°15' (35.25°)
        1ND-TV 40°33 ' +/- 2° (40.55° +/- 2°) 35°13' (35.22°)

        If the right and left inside wheel angles are not within the specified range, check the right and left rack end lengths.

  2. REAR WHEEL ALIGNMENT


    1. INSPECT CAMBER


      1. Install the camber-caster-kingpin gauge and position the rear wheel on the alignment tester.

      2. Inspect the camber.

        Camber Inclination (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine Camber
        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        2NR-FKE -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        1ND-TV -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE -0°57' +/- 30' (-0.95° +/- 0.5°)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        2NR-FKE -0°57' +/- 30' (-0.95° +/- 0.5°)
        1ND-TV -0°57' +/- 30' (-0.95° +/- 0.5°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        2NR-FKE -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)
        1ND-TV -0°56' +/- 30' (-0.93° +/- 0.5°)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE -0°53' +/- 30' (-0.88° +/- 0.5°)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE -0°53' +/- 30' (-0.88° +/- 0.5°)
        2NR-FKE -0°53' +/- 30' (-0.88° +/- 0.5°)
        1ND-TV -0°53' +/- 30' (-0.88° +/- 0.5°)

        Note

        The tolerance for the difference between the left and right wheels is 30' (0.5°) or less for both cambers. If the camber is not within the specified range, inspect the suspension parts and replace them if necessary.

    2. INSPECT TOE-IN


      1. Bounce the vehicle up and down at the corners to stabilize the suspension.

      2. Release the parking brake and move the shift lever to N.

      3. Push the vehicle straight ahead approximately 5 m (16.4 ft.). (Step A)

      4. B0040SGE19
        Text in Illustration
        *a Tread Center Mark
        *b Dimension B
        B0040SN Front of the Vehicle

        Put tread center marks on the rearmost points of the rear wheels and measure the distance between the marks (Dimension B).

      5. Slowly push the vehicle straight ahead to cause the rear wheels to rotate 180°. Use the rear tire valve as a reference point.

        Note

        Do not allow the wheels to rotate more than 180°. If the wheels rotate more than 180°, perform the procedure from (Step A) again.

      6. B0040SOE07
        Text in Illustration
        *a Dimension A
        B0040SN Front of the Vehicle

        Measure the distance between the tread center marks on the front of the rear wheels (Dimension A).

        Toe-in (Unloaded Vehicle)
        Model Tire Size Engine Specified Condition
        Except for Rough Road Package 175/70R14 1KR-FE C + D: 0°20' +/- 15' ( 0.33° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.7 +/- 3.0 mm (0.146 +/- 0.118 in.)
        175/65R15 1KR-FE C + D: 0°20' +/- 15' ( 0.33° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.7 +/- 3.0 mm (0.146 +/- 0.118 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D: 0°20' +/- 15' ( 0.33° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.7 +/- 3.0 mm (0.146 +/- 0.118 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D: 0°20' +/- 15' ( 0.33° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.8 +/- 3.0 mm (0.150 +/- 0.118 in.)
        185/60R15 2NR-FKE C + D: 0°21' +/- 15' ( 0.35° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.7 +/- 3.0 mm (0.146 +/- 0.118 in.)
        195/50R16 1KR-FE C + D: 0°20' +/- 15' ( 0.33° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.7 +/- 3.0 mm (0.146 +/- 0.118 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D: 0°21' +/- 15' ( 0.35° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.7 +/- 3.0 mm (0.146 +/- 0.118 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D: 0°21' +/- 15' ( 0.35° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.7 +/- 3.0 mm (0.146 +/- 0.118 in.)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Yellow Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE C + D: 0°19' +/- 15' ( 0.32° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.3 +/- 3.0 mm (0.130 +/- 0.118 in.)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE C + D: 0°19' +/- 15' ( 0.32° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.4 +/- 3.0 mm (0.134 +/- 0.118 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D: 0°19' +/- 15' ( 0.32° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.4 +/- 3.0 mm (0.134 +/- 0.118 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D: 0°19' +/- 15' ( 0.32° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 3.4 +/- 3.0 mm (0.134 +/- 0.118 in.)

        Rough Road Package

        (Rear Coil Spring w/ Grey Identification Mark)

        175/65R14 1KR-FE C + D: 0°15' +/- 15' ( 0.25° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 2.6 +/- 3.0 mm (0.102 +/- 0.118 in.)
        185/60R15 1KR-FE C + D: 0°15' +/- 15' ( 0.25° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 2.6 +/- 3.0 mm (0.102 +/- 0.118 in.)
        2NR-FKE C + D: 0°15' +/- 15' ( 0.25° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 2.6 +/- 3.0 mm (0.102 +/- 0.118 in.)
        1ND-TV C + D: 0°15' +/- 15' ( 0.25° +/- 0.25°)
        B - A: 2.6 +/- 3.0 mm (0.102 +/- 0.118 in.)

        Tech Tips

        Measure "B - A" only when "C + D" cannot be measured.

        If the toe-in is not within the specified range, inspect the suspension parts and replace them if necessary.