CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY


  1. REMOVE NO. 1 VENTILATION CASE


    1. A012T5D

      Remove the 6 bolts and 2 nuts.

    2. A012P40E02
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Protective Tape

      Remove the ventilation case by prying between the ventilation case and cylinder block with a screwdriver as shown in the illustration.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

      Note

      Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of the cylinder block and No. 1 ventilation case.

  2. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD THRUST CLEARANCE


    1. A012U7B

      Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while moving the connecting rod back and forth.

      Standard thrust clearance
      0.160 to 0.342 mm (0.00630 to 0.0135 in.)
      Maximum thrust clearance
      0.342 mm (0.0135 in.)

      If the thrust clearance is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod assemblies as necessary. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

  3. INSPECT CONNECTING ROD OIL CLEARANCE


    1. A012RFYE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Matchmark

      Check that the matchmarks on the connecting rod and cap are aligned to ensure correct reassembly.

      Tech Tips

      The matchmarks on the connecting rods and caps are provided to ensure correct reassembly.

    2. A012RT9E01

      Using SST, uniformly loosen and remove the 2 bolts.

      SST
      09205-16011
    3. A012T5T

      Using the 2 removed connecting rod cap bolts, remove the connecting rod cap and lower bearing by wiggling the connecting rod cap right and left.

      Tech Tips

      Keep the lower bearing inserted in the connecting rod cap.

    4. Clean the crank pin and bearing.

    5. Check the crank pin and bearing for pitting and scratches.

      If the crank pin or bearing is damaged, replace the bearings. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

    6. A012P2SE02
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Plastigage

      Lay a strip of Plastigage on the crank pin.

    7. A012OJEE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Front Mark

      Check that the front mark of the connecting rod cap is facing forward and install the connecting rod cap.

    8. Apply a light coat of engine oil to the threads and under the heads of the connecting rod cap bolts.

    9. Install the connecting rod cap bolts.

      Note

      The connecting rod cap bolts should be tightened in 2 progressive steps.

    10. A012TLKE01

      Step 1:


      1. Using SST, install and alternately tighten the bolts of the connecting rod cap in several steps.

        SST
        09205-16011
        Torque:
        20 N*m  { 204 kgf*cm, 15 ft.*lbf }

        Note

        Do not turn the crankshaft.

    11. A012SAIE03

      Step 2:


      1. Mark the front of the connecting rod cap bolts with paint.

      2. Tighten the cap bolts 90° as shown in the illustration.

        Note

        Do not turn the crankshaft.

    12. Remove the 2 bolts and connecting rod cap.

      Tech Tips

      Keep the lower bearing inserted in the connecting rod cap.

    13. A012PM8E03
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Plastigage
      *2 1, 2 or 3 Mark

      Measure the Plastigage at its widest point.

      Standard oil clearance
      0.014 to 0.038 mm (0.000551 to 0.00150 in.)
      Maximum oil clearance
      0.070 mm (0.00276 in.)

      If the oil clearance is more than the maximum, replace the connecting rod bearings. If necessary, inspect the crankshaft.

      Note

      Remove the Plastigage completely after the measurement.

      Tech Tips

      If replacing a bearing, replace it with one that has the same number as its respective connecting rod cap. Each bearing standard thickness is indicated by a 1, 2, or 3 mark on its surface.

      Standard Connecting Rod Large End Bore Diameter
      Mark Specified Condition
      Mark 1 47.000 to 47.008 mm (1.85039 to 1.85070 in.)
      Mark 2 47.009 to 47.016 mm (1.85074 to 1.85102 in.)
      Mark 3 47.017 to 47.024 mm (1.85106 to 1.85133 in.)
      Standard Connecting Rod Bearing Thickness
      Mark Specified Condition
      Mark 1 1.489 to 1.493 mm (0.05862 to 0.05878 in.)
      Mark 2 1.494 to 1.497 mm (0.05882 to 0.05894 in.)
      Mark 3 1.498 to 1.501 mm (0.05898 to 0.05909 in.)
      Standard crankshaft pin diameter
      43.992 to 44.000 mm (1.7320 to 1.7323 in.)
    14. Perform the inspection above for each cylinder.

  4. REMOVE PISTON SUB-ASSEMBLY WITH CONNECTING ROD


    1. A012SLU

      Using a ridge reamer, remove all the carbon from the top of the cylinder.

    2. Push the piston, connecting rod and upper bearing through the top of the cylinder block.

      Tech Tips


      • Keep the bearing, connecting rod and cap together.

      • Arrange the piston and connecting rod assemblies in the correct order.

      • Be sure to arrange the removed piston and connecting rod assemblies in such a way that they can be reinstalled exactly as before.

  5. REMOVE CONNECTING ROD BEARING


    1. Remove the connecting rod bearings.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  6. REMOVE PISTON RING SET


    1. A012TFUE02
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Piston Ring Expander

      Using a piston ring expander, remove the 2 compression rings.

    2. Remove the oil ring and oil ring expander by hand.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  7. REMOVE PISTON


    1. A012RLO

      Using a screwdriver, pry out the 2 snap rings.

    2. A012OSL

      Gradually heat each piston to approximately 80 to 90°C (176 to 194°F).

    3. A012PUK

      Using a plastic-faced hammer and brass bar, lightly tap out the piston pin and remove the connecting rod.

      Tech Tips


      • The piston and pin are a matched set.

      • Arrange the pistons, pins, rings, connecting rods and bearings in the correct order.

  8. INSPECT CRANKSHAFT THRUST CLEARANCE


    1. A012TP7

      Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while prying the crankshaft back and forth with a screwdriver.

      Standard thrust clearance
      0.04 to 0.14 mm (0.00157 to 0.00551 in.)
      Maximum thrust clearance
      0.18 mm (0.00709 in.)

      If the thrust clearance is more than the maximum, replace the thrust washers as a set. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

      Tech Tips

      The thrust washer thickness is 2.43 to 2.48 mm (0.0957 to 0.0976 in.).

  9. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT


    1. A012SVCE01

      Uniformly loosen and remove the 10 crankshaft bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

    2. A012OWO

      Use the removed crankshaft bearing cap bolts to remove the 5 crankshaft bearing caps and 5 lower bearings.

      Tech Tips


      • Keep each lower bearing and crankshaft bearing cap together as a set.

      • Arrange the crankshaft bearing caps in the correct order.

      Note

      Insert the bolts into the caps in turn. Ease the cap out by gently pulling up and applying force toward the front and back sides of the cylinder block, as shown in the illustration. Take care not to damage the contact surfaces of the cap and cylinder block.

    3. Lift out the crankshaft.

    4. Check each crankshaft journal and bearing for pitting and scratches.

      If the journal or bearing is damaged, replace the bearings. If necessary, replace the crankshaft.

  10. REMOVE UPPER CRANKSHAFT THRUST WASHER


    1. A012T2R

      Remove the 2 upper crankshaft thrust washers from the cylinder block.

  11. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT BEARING


    1. A012S35

      Remove the 5 upper crankshaft bearings from the cylinder block.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the bearings in the correct order.

    2. A012UB8

      Remove the 5 lower crankshaft bearings from the 5 crankshaft bearing caps.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the bearings in the correct order.

  12. REMOVE NO. 1 OIL NOZZLE SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A012T5K

      Using a 5 mm socket hexagon wrench, remove the 4 bolts and 4 oil nozzles.

  13. CLEAN CYLINDER BLOCK

    Note

    If the cylinder is washed at high temperatures, the cylinder liner will stick out beyond the cylinder block. Always wash the cylinder block at a temperature of 45°C (113°F) or less.

  14. REMOVE STUD BOLT

    Note

    If a stud bolt is deformed or its threads are damaged, replace it.