CAMSHAFT REMOVAL


  1. REMOVE ENGINE ASSEMBLY WITH TRANSAXLE


    1. Remove the engine assembly with transaxle Click here.

  2. REMOVE THROTTLE BODY ASSEMBLY


    1. A010KO8

      Disconnect the throttle body connector and 2 water hoses.

    2. A010LPF

      Remove the 2 bolts, 2 nuts and throttle body.

    3. Remove the gasket.

  3. REMOVE INTAKE MANIFOLD


    1. A00ONN3

      Remove the bolt and wire harness clamp bracket.

    2. Detach the 5 clamps and wire harness from the intake manifold.

    3. A00OLZV

      Disconnect the fuel vapor feed hose and ventilation hose.

    4. A00OKBM

      Remove the 5 bolts, 2 nuts, intake manifold stay and intake manifold.

    5. A00OL7X

      Remove the gasket from the intake manifold.

    6. A00OLKC

      Remove the bolt and wire harness clamp bracket from the intake manifold.

    7. Using an E6 "TORX" socket wrench, remove the 2 stud bolts from the intake manifold.

  4. REMOVE AIR TUBE


    1. Disconnect the fuel vapor feed hose from the purge VSV.

    2. A010LFM

      Disconnect the 2 union to connector tube hoses.

    3. Disconnect the No. 2 air hose and No. 1 fuel vapor feed hose.

    4. Remove the 2 bolts and air tube.

  5. REMOVE WIRE HARNESS CLAMP BRACKET


    1. A010LNL

      Remove the 2 nuts and wire harness clamp bracket.

  6. REMOVE FUEL TUBE SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A010JFQE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Claw

      Remove the No. 2 fuel pipe clamp.

    2. A010J09E01

      Wipe off any dirt on the fuel tube connector.

    3. Hold the fuel tube connector and install SST.

      SST
      09268-21010
    4. Turn SST to align the retainer inside the fuel tube connector with the chamfered part of SST.

    5. Insert SST into the fuel tube and hold it. Then push the fuel tube connector toward SST.

    6. Mount the retainer of the fuel tube connector onto the chamfered part of SST.

    7. A010I0XE17
      Text in Illustration
      *1 O-Ring
      *2 Retainer
      *3 Pipe
      *4 Nylon Tube
      *5 Fuel Tube Connector

      Slide SST and the fuel tube connector together towards the fuel tube until they make a "click" sound, and then disconnect the fuel tube.

    8. Drain the fuel remaining inside the fuel tube.

    9. Cover the fuel tube and fuel pipe with a plastic bag to protect the disconnected parts.

  7. REMOVE FUEL DELIVERY PIPE SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A010K0Y

      Remove the bolt and wire harness bracket.

    2. A010GMR

      Remove the 2 bolts.

    3. A010LLF

      Remove the bolt and the fuel delivery pipe.

    4. A010LJY

      Remove the 2 No. 1 delivery pipe spacers.

  8. REMOVE FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY


    1. A010K9X

      Pull the 4 fuel injector assemblies out of the fuel delivery pipe sub-assembly.

    2. A010INA

      For reinstallation, attach a tag or label to the injector shaft.

      Note

      Prevent entry of foreign objects by covering the fuel injector with plastic bags.

    3. A010K1E

      Remove the 4 injector vibration insulators.

  9. REMOVE ENGINE OIL LEVEL DIPSTICK GUIDE


    1. A00DTMF

      Remove the engine oil dipstick.

    2. Remove the bolt and dipstick guide.

    3. Remove the O-ring from the dipstick guide.

  10. DISCONNECT NO. 3 WATER BY-PASS HOSE


    1. A00DS82

      Disconnect the No. 3 water by-pass hose from the water inlet housing.

  11. DISCONNECT WATER INLET HOSE


    1. A00DU85

      Disconnect the water inlet hose from the water inlet housing.

  12. REMOVE WATER INLET


    1. A00OLAP

      Remove the 2 nuts and water inlet.

  13. REMOVE THERMOSTAT


    1. A00OKRD

      Remove the thermostat.

    2. Remove the gasket from the thermostat.

  14. REMOVE VACUUM PUMP ASSEMBLY


    1. A00OMJQ

      Remove the 3 bolts and vacuum pump from the engine.

    2. A00OJ4H

      Remove the 2 O-rings from the vacuum pump.

  15. REMOVE NO. 1 VACUUM PUMP BRACKET


    1. A00DS75

      Remove the 2 bolts, vacuum pump bracket and gasket.

  16. REMOVE IGNITION COIL ASSEMBLY


    1. A005T4M

      Disconnect the 4 ignition coil connectors.

    2. A005RTQE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Cylinder Head Cover
      *2 Spark Plug Tube
      *3 Plug Cap

      Remove the 4 bolts and 4 ignition coils.

      Note

      When removing the ignition coil, do not damage the plug cap with the cylinder head cover opening or the upper edge of the spark plug tube.

  17. REMOVE RADIO SETTING CONDENSER


    1. A00DSYH

      Remove the bolt and setting condenser.

  18. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DQSC

      Remove the 13 bolts, seal washer and cylinder head cover.

    2. A00DSLL

      Remove the 3 gaskets from the camshaft bearing cap.

      Note

      As gaskets may stick to the cylinder head cover, be careful not to drop any of the gaskets into the engine when removing the cylinder head cover.

  19. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER GASKET


    1. A00DQEY

      Remove the cylinder head cover gasket.

  20. REMOVE SPARK PLUG TUBE GASKET


    1. A00DPMM

      Pry up the 4 claws of the ventilation baffle plate.

      Note

      Do not deform the claws of the baffle plate more than necessary.

    2. Remove the 4 gaskets from the cylinder head cover.

      Tech Tips

      Prevent the plug tube gaskets from being deformed as much as possible. The removed gaskets will be used when installing new gaskets.

      Note

      Be careful not to damage the cylinder head cover.

  21. SET NO. 1 CYLINDER TO TDC/COMPRESSION


    1. A00DSWGE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Timing Mark
      *2 Timing Notch

      Turn the crankshaft pulley until its notch and timing mark "0" of the timing chain cover are aligned.

    2. Check that timing marks on both the camshaft timing exhaust gear and camshaft timing gear are facing upward as shown in the illustration.

      Tech Tips

      If not, turn the crankshaft 1 complete revolution (360°) and align the marks as above.

  22. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT PULLEY


    1. A00OJ27E01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Hold
      *2 Turn

      Using SST, hold the crankshaft pulley and loosen the pulley bolt. Further loosen the bolt until 2 or 3 threads are screwed into the crankshaft.

      SST
      09213-58014   ( 91551-80840 )
      09330-00021
    2. A00OJJTE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Hold
      *2 Turn

      Using SST and the pulley bolt, remove the crankshaft pulley and pulley bolt.

      SST
      09950-50013   ( 09951-05010, 09952-05010, 09953-05020, 09954-05021 )

      Tech Tips

      Apply lubricant to the threads and end of SST.

  23. REMOVE NO. 1 CHAIN TENSIONER ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DUPB

      Remove the 2 nuts, bracket, chain tensioner and gasket.

      Note

      Do not turn the crankshaft without the No. 1 chain tensioner installed.

  24. REMOVE TIMING CHAIN COVER SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DRLH

      Remove the 3 bolts and engine mounting bracket.

    2. A00DUZI

      Remove the 4 bolts and oil filter bracket.

    3. A00DPKQ

      Remove the 2 O-rings.

    4. A00DQ33

      Remove the 19 bolts.

    5. A00DT2YE02
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Protective Tape

      Remove the timing chain cover by prying between the timing chain cover and cylinder head, camshaft housing, cylinder block and stiffening crankcase with a screwdriver as shown in the illustration.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

      Note

      Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of the cylinder head, camshaft housing, cylinder block, stiffening crankcase and timing chain cover.

    6. A00DQMC

      Remove the 3 O-rings.

    7. A00DQKR

      Remove the 3 bolts and water pump.

    8. A00DU13E03

      Remove the gasket.

  25. REMOVE TIMING CHAIN COVER OIL SEAL


    1. A00DT5CE05
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Wooden Block
      *2 Protective Tape

      Place the timing chain cover on wooden blocks.

    2. Using a screwdriver, tap out the oil seal.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

      Note

      Do not damage the surface of the oil seal press fit hole.

  26. REMOVE CHAIN TENSIONER SLIPPER


    1. A00DS61

      Remove the chain tensioner slipper from the cylinder block.

  27. REMOVE NO. 1 CHAIN VIBRATION DAMPER


    1. A00DPP5

      Remove the 2 bolts and chain vibration damper.

  28. REMOVE CHAIN SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DRAO

      Hold the hexagonal portion of the camshaft with a wrench and turn the camshaft timing gear counterclockwise to loosen the chain between the camshaft timing gears.

    2. With the chain loosened, release the chain from the camshaft timing gear and place it on the camshaft timing gear.

      Tech Tips

      Be sure to release the chain from the sprocket completely.

    3. Turn the camshaft clockwise to return it to the original position and remove the chain.

  29. INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSEMBLY


    1. Inspect the lock of the camshaft timing gear.

    2. A00DTGPE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Adhesive Tape Sealing Area
      *2 Prick a Hole
      *3 Adhesive Tape

      After cleaning and degreasing the VVT oil hole on the intake side of the No. 1 camshaft bearing cap, completely seal the oil hole with adhesive tape or equivalent as shown in the illustration to prevent air from leaking.

      Note

      Be sure to cover the oil hole completely because air leaks due to insufficient sealing will prevent the lock pin from being released.

    3. Prick a hole in the tape covering the oil hole as shown in the illustration. (Procedure A)

    4. A00DQLB

      Apply approximately 150 kPa (1.5 kgf/cm2, 22 psi) of air pressure to the hole pricked in procedure A to release the lock pin.

      Note


      • If air leaks out, reattach the adhesive tape.

      • Cover the oil hole with a piece of cloth when applying air pressure to prevent oil from spraying.

    5. Forcibly turn the camshaft timing gear in the advance direction (counterclockwise).

      Tech Tips

      Depending on the air pressure applied, the camshaft timing gear may turn in the advance direction without assistance.

    6. A00DT1O

      Turn the camshaft timing gear within its movable range (26.5 to 28.5°) 2 or 3 times without turning it to the most retarded position. Make sure that the camshaft timing gear turns smoothly.

    7. Remove the adhesive tape from the No. 1 camshaft bearing cap.

  30. INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING EXHAUST GEAR ASSEMBLY


    1. Check the lock of the camshaft timing exhaust gear.

    2. A00DRUFE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Adhesive Tape Sealing Area
      *2 Prick a Hole
      *3 Adhesive Tape

      After cleaning and degreasing the VVT oil hole on the exhaust side of the No. 1 camshaft bearing cap, completely seal the oil hole with adhesive tape or equivalent as shown in the illustration to prevent air from leaking.

      Note

      Be sure to cover the oil hole completely because air leaks due to insufficient sealing will prevent the lock pin from being released.

    3. Prick a hole in the tape covering the oil hole as shown in the illustration. (Procedure A)

    4. A00DRHY

      Apply approximately 200 kPa (2.0 kgf/cm2, 28 psi) of air pressure to the hole pricked in procedure A to release the lock pin.

      Note


      • If air leaks out, reattach the adhesive tape.

      • Cover the oil hole with a piece of cloth when applying air pressure to prevent oil from spraying.

    5. Using a screwdriver with its tip wrapped with tape, forcibly turn the camshaft timing exhaust gear in the retard direction (clockwise).

      Note


      • Be sure to keep the camshaft timing exhaust gear in the retard direction using a screwdriver. If the gear is released, it will return to the most advanced position automatically due to the force from the spring.

      • Do not damage the camshaft timing exhaust gear.

    6. A00DTRA

      Using a screwdriver with its tip wrapped with tape, turn the camshaft timing exhaust gear within its movable range (19 to 21°) 2 or 3 times without turning it to the most advanced position. Make sure that the camshaft timing exhaust gear turns smoothly.

    7. Remove the adhesive tape from the No. 1 camshaft bearing cap.

  31. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DSZU

      Remove the flange bolt while holding the hexagonal portion of the camshaft, and then remove the camshaft timing gear.

      Note


      • Before removing the camshaft timing gear, make sure that the lock pin has been released.

      • A00DQXKE02

        Be sure not to remove the other 4 bolts.

      • Keep the camshaft timing gear horizontal while removing it from the camshaft.

  32. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING EXHAUST GEAR ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DUTB

      Remove the flange bolt while holding the hexagonal portion of the camshaft, and then remove the camshaft timing exhaust gear.

      Note


      • A00DTMBE06

        Be sure not to remove the other 4 bolts.

      • Keep the camshaft timing exhaust gear horizontal while removing it from the camshaft.

  33. REMOVE VALVE ROCKER ARM LOST MOTION DAMPER SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DQ7GE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Shim

      Remove the 2 bolts and valve rocker arm lost motion damper.

      Note


      • Make sure the camshaft housing is installed to the cylinder head when removing or installing a valve rocker arm lost motion damper.

      • If a valve rocker arm lost motion damper is removed, do not remove the camshaft housing.

      • Do not remove the shims. If a shim is removed, replace the camshaft housing as engine malfunctions may result from irregular valve timing.

  34. INSTALL VALVE ROCKER ARM LOST MOTION DAMPER SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DPOTE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Hole for Engine Oil

      Install the valve rocker arm lost motion damper with the 2 bolts. Uniformly tighten the bolts.

      Torque:
      10 N*m  { 102 kgf*cm, 7 ft.*lbf }
    2. Add engine oil into the hole for engine oil.

  35. REMOVE CAMSHAFT HOUSING SUB-ASSEMBLY

    Note


    • The camshaft housing is replaced with an assembled unit that includes the camshaft housing, camshafts, camshaft bearing caps, valve rocker shaft and valve rocker arm lost motion damper. Do not disassemble the camshaft housing. If disassembled, replace the camshaft housing sub-assembly.

    • The camshafts cannot be replaced by themselves.

      A00DUY5E01

    1. A00DPOWE01

      Uniformly loosen and remove the 17 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

      Note

      Uniformly loosen the bearing cap bolts while keeping the camshaft housing level.

    2. A00DTSFE01
      Text in Illustration
      *1 Protective Tape

      Remove the camshaft housing by prying between the cylinder head and camshaft housing with a screwdriver.

      Tech Tips

      Tape the screwdriver tip before use.

      Note

      Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of the cylinder head and camshaft housing.

  36. REMOVE NO. 1 VALVE ROCKER ARM SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DU00

      Remove the 16 valve rocker arms.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  37. REMOVE VALVE LASH ADJUSTER ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DSFFE01

      Remove the 16 valve lash adjusters from the cylinder head.

      Tech Tips

      Arrange the removed parts in the correct order.

  38. INSPECT NO. 1 VALVE ROCKER ARM SUB-ASSEMBLY


    1. A00DR83

      Turn the roller by hand to check that it turns smoothly.

      If the roller does not turn smoothly, replace the No. 1 valve rocker arm sub-assembly.

  39. INSPECT VALVE LASH ADJUSTER ASSEMBLY

    Note


    • Keep the valve lash adjuster free from dirt and foreign matter.

    • Only use clean engine oil.


    1. Place the lash adjuster into a container full of new engine oil.

    2. A00DPN3E02

      Insert the tip of SST into the lash adjuster plunger and use the tip to press down on the check ball inside the plunger.

      SST
      09276-75010
    3. Squeeze SST and the valve lash adjuster together to move the plunger up and down 5 to 6 times.

    4. Check the movement of the plunger and bleed the air.

      OK
      Plunger moves up and down.

      Note

      When bleeding high-pressure air from the compression chamber, make sure that the tip of SST is actually pressing the check ball as shown in the illustration. If the check ball is not pressed, air bleeding is not possible.

    5. After bleeding the air, remove SST. Then try to quickly and firmly press the plunger with your fingers.

      OK
      Plunger can be pressed 3 times.

      If the plunger can still be compressed after pressing it 3 times, replace the valve lash adjuster with a new one.