METER / GAUGE SYSTEM Speedometer Malfunction

DESCRIPTION

The meter CPU receives vehicle speed signals from the skid control ECU via the CAN communication system (CAN V1 Bus). The speed sensor detects the wheel speed and sends the appropriate signals to the skid control ECU. The skid control ECU supplies power to the vehicle speed sensor. The skid control ECU detects vehicle speed signals based on the pulses of the voltage.

Tech Tips


  • Factors that affect the indicated vehicle speed include tire size, tire inflation, and tire wear. The speed indicated on the speedometer has an allowable margin of error. This can be tested using a speedometer tester (calibrated chassis dynamometer). For details about testing and the margin of error, see the reference chart Click here.

  • If the vehicle speed sensor circuit has a malfunction, the skid control ECU stores the DTCs. Troubleshoot the Vehicle Stability Control System.


WIRING DIAGRAM

B00477WE93
*1 Brake Actuator Assembly (Skid Control ECU)
*2 CAN Communication Line
*3 Combination Meter Assembly

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

CAUTION:

If the vehicle speed is outside the allowable range when tested, perform the on-vehicle inspection Click here.

Tech Tips

Before starting the following inspection, check tire size and tire air pressure.

PROCEDURE


  1. CHECK CAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM


    1. Check if a CAN communication system DTC is output.


      Result
      Result Proceed to
      CAN communication DTC is not output A
      DTC is output (w/o Toyota Safety Sense) B
      DTC is output (w/ Toyota Safety Sense) C

    B
    C
    A
  2. PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (SPEED METER OPERATION)


    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON.

    3. Turn the GTS on.

    4. Enter the following menus: Body / Combination Meter / Active Test.

    5. According to the display on the GTS, perform the Active Test.

      Combination Meter
      Tester Display Test Part Control Range Diagnostic Note
      Speed Meter Operation Speedometer OFF/0/40/80/120/160/200/240*1 (km/h) Vehicle is stopped and the engine idling

      • *1: for 2ZR-FE

      OK
      Speedometer indication is normal.

    NG
    OK
  3. READ VALUE USING GTS (VEHICLE SPEED METER)


    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON.

    3. Turn the GTS on.

    4. Enter the following menus: Body / Combination Meter / Data List.

    5. According to the display on the GTS, read the Data List.

      Combination Meter
      Tester Display Measurement Item/Range Normal Condition Diagnostic Note
      Vehicle Speed Meter

      Vehicle speed/

      Min.: 0 (0)

      Max.: 255 (158)

      Approximately same as actual vehicle speed (When vehicle is being driven) -
      OK
      Vehicle speed displayed on the GTS is almost the same as the speedometer indication.

    NG
    OK
  4. CHECK BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEM


    1. Check if a brake control DTC is output.


      Result
      Result Proceed to
      Vehicle stability control DTC is not output A
      Brake control DTC is output (w/o VSC) B
      Brake control DTC is output (w/ VSC) C

    A
    B
    C